Skip to main content

Articles

Page 1 of 10

  1. The menopause transition is associated with an increased risk of depression. While the mechanisms behind this increased risk are not well understood, the changing perimenopausal hormonal environment has been h...

    Authors: Bethany Sander, Amira Muftah, Laurie Sykes Tottenham, Julia A. Grummisch and Jennifer L. Gordon

    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2021 12:44

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. Sexual dimorphism in the immune system is evidenced by a higher prevalence of autoimmune diseases in women and higher susceptibility to infectious diseases in men. However, the molecular basis of these sex-bas...

    Authors: Jisun So, Albert K. Tai, Alice H. Lichtenstein, Dayong Wu and Stefania Lamon-Fava

    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2021 12:43

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  3. Authors: Marianna Török, Petra Merkely, Anna Monori-Kiss, Eszter Mária Horváth, Réka Eszter Sziva, Borbála Péterffy, Attila Jósvai, Alex Ali Sayour, Attila Oláh, Tamás Radovits, Béla Merkely, Nándor Ács, György László Nádasy and Szabolcs Várbíró

    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2021 12:42

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in Biology of Sex Differences 2021 12:37

  4. Women attempt to quit smoking less often than men and are less likely to maintain abstinence. Reproductive hormones have been postulated as a reason for this sex difference, though this remains to be clarified...

    Authors: Ashley R. Ethier, Ty L. McKinney, Laurie Sykes Tottenham and Jennifer L. Gordon

    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2021 12:41

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  5. Urolithiasis is considered a vital public health issue with a substantial burden on kidney function. Additionally, only few reports focused on the gender difference in patients with urolithiasis. Therefore, th...

    Authors: Tsu-Ming Chien, Yen-Man Lu, Ching-Chia Li, Wen-Jeng Wu, Hsueh-Wei Chang and Yii-Her Chou

    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2021 12:40

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  6. To date, there is no clearly defined association between plasma selenium levels and first stroke. We aimed to investigate the association between baseline plasma selenium and first stroke risk in a community-b...

    Authors: Huan Hu, Chonglei Bi, Tengfei Lin, Lishun Liu, Yun Song, Binyan Wang, Ping Wang, Ziyi Zhou, Chongqian Fang, Hai Ma, Xiao Huang, Lihua Hu, Xiping Xu, Hao Zhang, Yong Huo, Xiaobin Wang…

    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2021 12:39

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  7. Human placental DNA methylation (DNAme) data is a valuable resource for studying sex differences during gestation, as DNAme profiles after delivery reflect the cumulative effects of gene expression patterns an...

    Authors: Amy M. Inkster, Victor Yuan, Chaini Konwar, Allison M. Matthews, Carolyn J. Brown and Wendy P. Robinson

    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2021 12:38

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  8. We aimed to identify sex differences in the network properties and to recognize the geometric alteration effects of long-term swim training in a rat model of exercise-induced left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy.

    Authors: Marianna Török, Petra Merkely, Anna Monori-Kiss, Eszter Mária Horváth, Réka Eszter Sziva, Borbála Péterffy, Attila Jósvai, Alex Ali Sayour, Attila Oláh, Tamás Radovits, Béla Merkely, Nándor Ács, György László Nádasy and Szabolcs Várbíró

    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2021 12:37

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in Biology of Sex Differences 2021 12:42

  9. Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) have emerged in the healthcare setting worldwide. Infections with these pathogens, i.e., bloodstream infections (BSI), are accompanied with an impaired patient outcome. D...

    Authors: Carlos L. Correa-Martínez, Franziska Schuler and Stefanie Kampmeier

    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2021 12:36

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  10. Adverse drug events, including adverse drug reactions (ADRs), are responsible for approximately 5% of unplanned hospital admissions: a major health concern. Women are 1.5–1.7 times more likely to develop ADRs....

    Authors: L. C. Hendriksen, P. D. van der Linden, A. L. M. Lagro-Janssen, P. M. L. A. van den Bemt, S. J. Siiskonen, M. Teichert, J. G. Kuiper, R. M. C. Herings, B. H. Stricker and L. E. Visser

    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2021 12:34

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  11. The soluble prorenin receptor (sPRR), a member of the renin-angiotensin system (RAS), is elevated in plasma of patients with preeclampsia, hypertension, chronic kidney disease (CKD), and type 2 diabetes. Our g...

    Authors: Bruna Visniauskas, Danielle Y. Arita, Carla B. Rosales, Mohammed A. Feroz, Christina Luffman, Michael J. Accavitti, Gabrielle Dawkins, Jennifer Hong, Andrew C. Curnow, Tina K. Thethi, John J. Lefante, Edgar A. Jaimes, Franck Mauvais-Jarvis, Vivian A. Fonseca and Minolfa C. Prieto

    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2021 12:33

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  12. Men have been, and still are, included in more studies than women, in large part because of the lingering belief that ovulatory cycles result in women showing too much variability to be economically viable sub...

    Authors: Benjamin L. Smarr, Annick Laure Ishami and Aaron E. Schirmer

    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2021 12:32

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  13. Preeclampsia is a dangerous cardiovascular disorder of pregnancy that leads to an increased risk of future cardiovascular and metabolic disorders. Much of the pathogenesis and mechanisms involved in cardiac he...

    Authors: Claire Richards, Kimberly Sesperez, Michael Chhor, Sahar Ghorbanpour, Claire Rennie, Clara Liu Chung Ming, Chris Evenhuis, Valentina Nikolic, Natasa Karadzov Orlic, Zeljko Mikovic, Milan Stefanovic, Zoran Cakic, Kristine McGrath, Carmine Gentile, Kristen Bubb and Lana McClements

    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2021 12:31

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  14. The association of several comorbidities, including diabetes mellitus, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, heart failure and chronic kidney or liver disease, with acute kidney injury (AKI) is well establishe...

    Authors: Charalampos Loutradis, Luke Pickup, Jonathan P. Law, Indranil Dasgupta, Jonathan N. Townend, Paul Cockwell, Adnan Sharif, Pantelis Sarafidis and Charles J. Ferro

    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2021 12:30

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  15. Previous studies have described sex-based differences in the epidemiological and clinical patterns of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD); however, we understand relatively little regarding the underlyin...

    Authors: José F. Català-Senent, Marta R. Hidalgo, Marina Berenguer, Gopanandan Parthasarathy, Harmeet Malhi, Pablo Malmierca-Merlo, María de la Iglesia-Vayá and Francisco García-García

    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2021 12:29

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  16. Ethanol use is related to a wide variety of negative health outcomes, including cardiovascular diseases. Stress is also involved in numerous pathologies, such as cardiovascular diseases and psychiatric disorde...

    Authors: Paula C. Bianchi, Lucas Gomes-de-Souza, Willian Costa-Ferreira, Paola Palombo, Paulo E. Carneiro de Oliveira, Sheila A. Engi, Rodrigo M. Leão, Cleopatra S. Planeta, Carlos C. Crestani and Fabio C. Cruz

    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2021 12:27

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  17. Fetal sex is known to affect pregnancy outcomes. In current clinical practice, monitoring of fetal well-being is based on Doppler ultrasound measurements of major placental and fetal vessels. The objective of ...

    Authors: Dakshita Jagota, Hannah George, Melissa Walker, Anjana Ravi Chandran, Natasha Milligan, Shiri Shinar, Clare L. Whitehead, Sebastian R. Hobson, Lena Serghides, W. Tony Parks, Ahmet A. Baschat, Christopher K. Macgowan, John G. Sled, John C. Kingdom and Lindsay S. Cahill

    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2021 12:26

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  18. In this paper, we argue for Gender as a Sociocultural Variable (GASV) as a complement to Sex as a Biological Variable (SABV). Sex (biology) and gender (sociocultural behaviors and attitudes) interact to influe...

    Authors: Mathias W. Nielsen, Marcia L. Stefanick, Diana Peragine, Torsten B. Neilands, John P. A. Ioannidis, Louise Pilote, Judith J. Prochaska, Mark R. Cullen, Gillian Einstein, Ineke Klinge, Hannah LeBlanc, Hee Young Paik and Londa Schiebinger

    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2021 12:23

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  19. Sensory perception and emotional disorders are disproportionally represented in men and women and are thus thought to be modulated by different sex hormones in various conditions. Among the most important horm...

    Authors: Qing Chen, Wenxin Zhang, Neeti Sadana and Xinzhong Chen

    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2021 12:22

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  20. Males and females may experience different effects of early-life adversity on life-long health. One hypothesis is that male foetuses invest more in foetal growth and relatively less in placental growth, and th...

    Authors: Julian K. Christians, Haroop K. Shergill and Arianne Y. K. Albert

    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2021 12:21

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  21. Determine if sex differences exist in clinical characteristics and outcomes of adults hospitalized for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) in a US healthcare system.

    Authors: Yilin Yoshida, Scott A. Gillet, Margo I. Brown, Yuanhao Zu, Sarah M. Wilson, Sabreen J. Ahmed, Saritha Tirumalasetty, Dragana Lovre, Marie Krousel-Wood, Joshua L. Denson and Franck Mauvais-Jarvis

    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2021 12:20

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  22. There is growing evidence of sex differences in placental vascular development. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of fetal sex on uterine artery pulsatility index (PI) throughout gestat...

    Authors: Leah Paranavitana, Melissa Walker, Anjana Ravi Chandran, Natasha Milligan, Shiri Shinar, Clare L. Whitehead, Sebastian R. Hobson, Lena Serghides, W. Tony Parks, Ahmet A. Baschat, Christopher K. Macgowan, John G. Sled, John C. Kingdom and Lindsay S. Cahill

    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2021 12:19

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  23. The mortality of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is usually lower in females than in males, but the underlying mechanism remains largely unknown. We sought to describe the age-dependent patterns of gender dispa...

    Authors: Wang-Zhong Li, Shu-Hui Lv, Guo-Ying Liu, Hu Liang, Wei-Xiong Xia and Yan-Qun Xiang

    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2021 12:18

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  24. A significant positive association was found in previous studies among obesity, visceral fat accumulation, and hyperuricemia. The purpose of this study was to explore the association between the ratio of visce...

    Authors: Xiao-He Wang, Wei-Ran Jiang, Min-Ying Zhang, Ying-Xin Shi, Yun-Ping Ji, Chun-Jun Li and Jing-Na Lin

    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2021 12:17

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  25. In addition to biological sex, gender, defined as the sociocultural dimension of being a woman or a man, plays a central role in health. However, there are so far few approaches to quantify gender in a retrosp...

    Authors: Ahmad Tauseef Nauman, Hassan Behlouli, Nicholas Alexander, Friederike Kendel, Johanna Drewelies, Konstantinos Mantantzis, Nora Berger, Gert G. Wagner, Denis Gerstorf, Ilja Demuth, Louise Pilote and Vera Regitz-Zagrosek

    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2021 12:15

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  26. Sex differences in experimental stroke outcomes are well documented, such that adult males have a greater infarct volume, increased stroke-induced mortality, and more severe sensory-motor impairment. Based on ...

    Authors: Yumna El-Hakim, Kathiresh Kumar Mani, Amir Eldouh, Sivani Pandey, Maria T. Grimaldo, Alan Dabney, Rachel Pilla and Farida Sohrabji

    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2021 12:14

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  27. Men have a higher risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD) early in life, while women have a higher risk later in life. The sex-related differences in CVD risk, especially by age, could be related to sphingolipid...

    Authors: Mirthe Muilwijk, Nardie Callender, Susan Goorden, Frédéric M. Vaz and Irene G. M. van Valkengoed

    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2021 12:13

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  28. Over the last decades, a central role for vitamin D in immune modulation has been well established. The active form of vitamin D, i.e., 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D, through the interaction with vitamin D receptor,...

    Authors: Maria Luisa Dupuis, Maria Teresa Pagano, Marina Pierdominici and Elena Ortona

    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2021 12:12

    Content type: Review

    Published on:

  29. Normotensive premenopausal women show a vagal predominance of cardiac autonomic modulation, whereas age-matched men show a predominance of sympathetic modulation. However, some women develop systemic arterial ...

    Authors: Stella V. Philbois, Tábata P. Facioli, Ada C. Gastaldi, Jhennyfer A. L. Rodrigues, Jens Tank, Thauane H. Fares, Karine P. Rodrigues and Hugo C. D. Souza

    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2021 12:11

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  30. Early life adversity is widely recognized as a key risk factor for early developmental perturbations and contributes to the presentation of neuropsychiatric disorders in adulthood. Neurodevelopmental disorders...

    Authors: Eldin Jašarević, Patrick M. Hecht, Kevin L. Fritsche, David C. Geary, Rocío M. Rivera and David Q. Beversdorf

    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2021 12:10

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  31. Differences in outcomes for women and men after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in chronic total occlusion (CTO) patients remain controversial. Herein, we compared the clinical outcomes by sex in CTO ...

    Authors: Xuhe Gong, Li Zhou, Xiaosong Ding, Hongwei Li and Hui Chen

    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2021 12:9

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. Sex differences in stroke have been attributed to the neuroprotective effects of estrogen, yet most clinical trials of estrogen supplementation for stroke prevention have failed. The contribution of sex hormon...

    Authors: Bharti Manwani, Pamela Fall, Liang Zhu, Meaghan Roy O’Reilly, Sarah Conway, Ilene Staff and Louise D. McCullough

    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2021 12:8

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  33. Cellular sex has rarely been considered as a biological variable in preclinical research, even when the pathogenesis of diseases with predictable sex differences is studied. In this perspective, proteomics, an...

    Authors: Maria Grazia Cattaneo, Cristina Banfi, Maura Brioschi, Donatella Lattuada and Lucia M. Vicentini

    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2021 12:7

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  34. Fetal sex is known to modify the course and complications of pregnancy, with recent evidence of sex-differential fetal influences on the maternal immune and endocrine systems. In turn, heightened inflammation ...

    Authors: Whitney Cowell, Elena Colicino, Talia Askowitz, Farida Nentin and Rosalind J. Wright

    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2021 12:6

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  35. Two important clinical features of preeclampsia (PE) are hypertension and fetal growth restriction. The reduced uterine perfusion pressure (RUPP) preclinical rat model of PE exhibits both of these features. Mo...

    Authors: Mark W. Cunningham Jr, Lorena M. Amaral, Nathan E. Campbell, Denise C. Cornelius, Tarek Ibrahim, Venkata Ramana Vaka and Babbette LaMarca

    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2021 12:4

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  36. Inadequate copper intake and increased fructose consumption represent two important nutritional problems in the USA. Dietary copper-fructose interactions alter gut microbial activity and contribute to the deve...

    Authors: Ming Song, Fang Yuan, Xiaohong Li, Xipeng Ma, Xinmin Yin, Eric C. Rouchka, Xiang Zhang, Zhongbin Deng, Russell A. Prough and Craig J. McClain

    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2021 12:3

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. Shorter telomere length (TL) may indicate premature cellular aging and increased risk for disease. While there is substantial evidence for shorter TL in individuals suffering from psychiatric disorders, data i...

    Authors: Louisia Starnino, Gilles Dupuis, Lambert Busque, Vincent Bourgoin, Marie-Pierre Dubé, David Busseuil and Bianca D’Antono

    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2021 12:2

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  38. Pioglitazone is a promising therapeutic method for nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) patients with or without type 2 diabetes. However, there is remarkable variability in treatment response. We analyzed...

    Authors: Hongmei Yan, Weiyun Wu, Xinxia Chang, Mingfeng Xia, Sicheng Ma, Liu Wang and Jian Gao

    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2021 12:1

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  39. MicroRNAs indirectly orchestrate myriads of essential biological processes. A wide diversity of miRNAs of the neurodevelopmental importance characterizes the brain tissue, which, however, exhibits region-speci...

    Authors: Klaudia Pawlina-Tyszko, Maria Oczkowicz, Artur Gurgul, Tomasz Szmatoła and Monika Bugno-Poniewierska

    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2020 11:67

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  40. Sex differences in clinical characteristics and prognosis of vasospastic angina (VA) have not been well elucidated. This study was performed to investigate sex-specific characteristics and predictors for long-...

    Authors: Hack-Lyoung Kim, Sang-Ho Jo, Hyun-Jin Kim, Min-Ho Lee, Won-Woo Seo and Sang Hong Baek

    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2020 11:66

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  41. Women are more vulnerable than men to the neurotoxicity and severe brain damage caused by chronic heavy alcohol use. In addition, brain damage due to chronic heavy alcohol use may be associated with sex-depend...

    Authors: Mi Ran Choi, Jasmin Sanghyun Han, Yeung-Bae Jin, Sang-Rae Lee, In Young Choi, Heejin Lee, Hyun Cho and Dai-Jin Kim

    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2020 11:65

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  42. Recent evidence by our laboratory demonstrates that women and female mice endogenously express higher endothelial mineralocorticoid receptor (ECMR) than males. Mounting clinical evidence also indicates that al...

    Authors: Jessica L. Faulkner, Emily Lluch, Simone Kennard, Galina Antonova, Iris Z. Jaffe and Eric J. Belin de Chantemèle

    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2020 11:64

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  43. While the higher prevalence of Alzheimer’s disease (AD) in women is clear, studies suggest that biological sex may also influence AD pathogenesis. However, mechanisms behind these differences are not clear. To...

    Authors: Dany Arsenault, Cyntia Tremblay, Vincent Emond and Frédéric Calon

    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2020 11:63

    Content type: Research

    Published on: