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Aims and scope

Biology of Sex Differences considers manuscripts on all aspects of the effects of sex on biology and disease. Sex has profound effects on physiology and the susceptibility to disease. The function of cells and organs depends on their sex, determined by the interplay among the genome and biological and social environments. The study of sex differences is a discipline in itself, with its own concepts and methods that apply across tissues.

Biology of Sex Differences is the official journal of the Organization for the Study of Sex Differences, and a publication of the Society for Women's Health Research.

Call for papers: Sex Differences in Obesity, Insulin Resistance, Metabolic Syndrome, and the Microbiome

Guest Editor: Kate Denton, Monash University

The Editors of Biology of Sex Differences extend an invitation to submit original research articles related to Sex Differences in Obesity, Insulin Resistance, Metabolic Syndrome, and the Microbiome:  

Submission Deadline: January, 2019.


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OSSD 2019 Meeting: May 5-8 in Washington, DC

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We hope everyone had a great #ossd2018 meeting in Atlanta and look forward to seeing you all again May 5-8, 2019 at the Washington Marriott Georgetown in Washington, DC.  This will be the 2nd international meeting of the OSSD with the International Gender Medicine Society.

Visit the OSSD website to learn more about the 2019 meeting.

BSD-OSSD annual award

Biology of Sex Differences, and the Organization for Study of Sex Differences have established an annual award to highlight the best research published in the journal by OSSD members.

The 2017 winner is Dr. Joanna Floros for the paper by George T. Noutsios, Nithyananda Thorenoor, Xuesheng Zhang, David S. Phelps, Todd M. Umstead, Faryal Durrani and Joanna Floros and titled: 
SP-A2 contributes to miRNA-mediated sex differences in response to oxidative stress: pro-inflammatory, anti-apoptotic, and anti-oxidant pathways are involved 
Biology of Sex Differences 2017, 8:37 (4 December 2017)


Jane Reckelhoff, University of Mississippi Medical Center, USA

Associate Editors
Barbara Alexander, University of Mississippi Medical Center, USA
Kate Denton, Monash Biomedicine Discovery Institute, Monash University, Australia
Vesna Garovic, Mayo Clinic Rochester, USA
Radu Iliescu, Grigore T. Popa University, Romania
Georgios Kararigas, Charité University, Germany

Founding Editor
Arthur P Arnold, University of California, Los Angeles, USA

In the News

Commentary from Editorial Board Member Tracy Bale and research on sex differences in the placenta  (published in Biology of Sex Differences ​​​​​​​in January by Gonzalez et al.) was featured December 3rd in The New York Times article 'The Placenta, an Afterthought No Longer.'

Featured Article

Tissue-specific pathways and networks underlying sexual dimorphism in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease

Using a mouse model, multi-omics, and big data, researchers at University of California-Los Angeles examined genetic and molecular pathways and their roles in the onset of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) to reveal key sex differences in disease etiology and progression. Read more about how the authors harnessed big data to tackle the question of sex differences in NAFLD in their blog.

Read the full article here

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Message from the OSSD President

Sabra Klein, OSSD PresidentSabra Klein, President of OSSD

Sabra Klein, PhD, is the current President of the Organization for the Study of Sex Differences, Associate Professor of Microbiology and Immunology at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, and Co-Director of the Johns Hopkins Center for Women’s Health, Sex, and Gender Research.


‘The Organization for the Study of Sex Differences (OSSD) is the only scientific research society dedicated to the study of sex as a biological variable. Through our annual meeting and publications from our members, we seek to promote knowledge that sex impacts every cell, pathway, organ, and disease state in the body. As the biomedical sciences continue to appreciate that the progression, prognosis, pathogenesis, and outcome of diverse diseases differ between the sexes, OSSD and the Biology of Sex Differences are at the forefront, serving as experts in this scientific endeavor.’


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  • Society for Women's Health Research
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