Aims and scope
Biology of Sex Differences considers manuscripts on all aspects of the effects of sex on biology and disease.
Sex has profound effects on physiology and the susceptibility to disease. The function of cells and organs depends on their sex, determined by the interplay among the genome and biological and social environments. The study of sex differences is a discipline in itself, with its own concepts and methods that apply across tissues.
An understanding of the effect of sex on biology and disease requires an interdisciplinary approach in which the interaction of diverse sex-specific factors are studied at all levels, from molecular to the level of biological systems. The development of novel therapies for disease requires a sex-based conceptual framework.
Topical areas include, but are not limited to sex differences in:
- the genome
- molecular and cell biology
- tissue biology
- interaction of tissue systems, in any system including adipose, behavioral, cardiovascular, immune, muscular, neural, renal, and skeletal
- clinical studies bearing on sex differences in disease or response to therapy
For further information about the material covered by Biology of Sex Differences, please see our "Submission Guidelines" below and to view details of our Editorial Board members, please visit the "Editorial Board" page.
All articles published by Biology of Sex Differences are made freely and permanently accessible online immediately upon publication, without subscription charges or registration barriers. Further information about open access can be found here.
As authors of articles published in Biology of Sex Differences you are the copyright holders of your article and have granted to any third party, in advance and in perpetuity, the right to use, reproduce or disseminate your article, according to the BioMed Central license agreement.
For those of you who are US government employees or are prevented from being copyright holders for similar reasons, BioMed Central can accommodate non-standard copyright lines. Please contact us if further information is needed.
Open access publishing is not without costs. Biology of Sex Differences therefore levies an article-processing charge of £1565.00/$2450.00/€1995.00 for each article accepted for publication.
If the corresponding author's institution participates in our open access membership program, some or all of the publication cost may be covered (more details available on the membership page). We routinely waive charges for authors from low-income countries. For other countries, article-processing charge waivers or discounts are granted on a case-by-case basis to authors with insufficient funds. Authors can request a waiver or discount during the submission process. For further details, see our article-processing charge page.
BioMed Central provides a free open access funding support service to help authors discover and apply for article processing charge funding. Visit our OA funding and policy support page to view our list of research funders and institutions that provide funding for APCs, and to learn more about our email support service.
All articles published in Biology of Sex Differences are included in:
- PubMed Central
- Science Citation Index Expanded
- Zoological Record
The full text of all articles is deposited in digital archives around the world to guarantee long-term digital preservation. You can also access all articles published by BioMed Central on SpringerLink.
Biology of Sex Differences has an Impact Factor of 3.635.
Biology of Sex Differences operates a single-blind peer-review system, where the reviewers are aware of the names and affiliations of the authors, but the reviewer reports provided to authors are anonymous.
The benefit of single-blind peer review is that it is the traditional model of peer review that many reviewers are comfortable with, and it facilitates a dispassionate critique of a manuscript.
Submitted manuscripts will generally be reviewed by two or more experts who will be asked to evaluate whether the manuscript is scientifically sound and coherent, whether it duplicates already published work, and whether or not the manuscript is sufficiently clear for publication. The Editors will reach a decision based on these reports and, where necessary, they will consult with members of the Editorial Board.
All manuscripts submitted to Biology of Sex Differences should adhere to BioMed Central's editorial policies.
Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.
Citing articles in Biology of Sex Differences
Articles in Biology of Sex Differences should be cited in the same way as articles in a traditional journal. Because articles are not printed, they do not have page numbers; instead, they are given a unique article number.
Article citations follow this format:
Authors: Title. Biol sex dif [year], [volume number]:[article number].
e.g. Roberts LD, Hassall DG, Winegar DA, Haselden JN, Nicholls AW, Griffin JL: Increased hepatic oxidative metabolism distinguishes the action of Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor delta from Peroxisome Proliferator-Activated Receptor gamma in the Ob/Ob mouse. Biol sex dif 2009, 1:115.
refers to article 115 from Volume 1 of the journal.
Appeals and complaints
If you wish to appeal a rejection or make a complaint you should, in the first instance, contact the Editor who will provide details of the journal's complaints procedure. For complaints that cannot be resolved with the Editor, the authors should contact the Publisher.
Why publish your article in Biology of Sex Differences
Biology of Sex Differences's open access policy allows maximum visibility of articles published in the journal as they are available to a wide, global audience.
Speed of publication
Biology of Sex Differences offers a fast publication schedule whilst maintaining rigorous peer review; all articles must be submitted online, and peer review is managed fully electronically (articles are distributed in PDF form, which is automatically generated from the submitted files). Articles will be published with their final citation after acceptance, in both fully browsable web form, and as a formatted PDF.
Online publication in Biology of Sex Differences gives you the opportunity to publish large datasets, large numbers of color illustrations and moving pictures, to display data in a form that can be read directly by other software packages so as to allow readers to manipulate the data for themselves, and to create all relevant links (for example, to PubMed, to sequence and other databases, and to other articles).
Promotion and press coverage
Articles published in Biology of Sex Differences are included in article alerts and regular email updates. Some may be highlighted on Biology of Sex Differences’s pages and on the BioMed Central homepage.
In addition, articles published in Biology of Sex Differences may be promoted by press releases to the general or scientific press. These activities increase the exposure and number of accesses for articles published in Biology of Sex Differences. A list of articles recently press-released by journals published by BioMed Central is available here.
As an author of an article published in Biology of Sex Differences you retain the copyright of your article and you are free to reproduce and disseminate your work (for further details, see the BioMed Central license agreement).
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