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  1. The incidence and prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) is about twice as high in women compared to men, and those of the neck/shoulder region are particularly high among women. Fatigue and responses ...

    Authors: Annamaria Otto, Kim Emery and Julie N. Côté
    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2019 10:39
  2. Following publication of the original article [1], the authors reported that additional file 1 was incorrect. The corrected additional file 1 is given below.

    Authors: Sujoy Ghosh, Jessica L. Taylor, Tamra M. Mendoza, Thanh Dang, David H. Burk, Yongmei Yu, Gail Kilroy and Z. Elizabeth Floyd
    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2019 10:38

    The original article was published in Biology of Sex Differences 2019 10:19

  3. Nicotine exposure enhances Pavlovian conditioned approach (PCA), or the learned approach to reward-predictive cues. While females show elevated approach to conditioned stimuli compared to males, potentially in...

    Authors: Sierra J. Stringfield, Aric C. Madayag, Charlotte A. Boettiger and Donita L. Robinson
    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2019 10:37
  4. Angiotensin-(1-7) is a beneficial hormone of the renin-angiotensin system known to play a positive role in regulation of blood pressure and glucose homeostasis. Previous studies have shown that in high-fat die...

    Authors: Melissa C. White, Amanda J. Miller, Justin Loloi, Sarah S. Bingaman, Biyi Shen, Ming Wang, Yuval Silberman, Sarah H. Lindsey and Amy C. Arnold
    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2019 10:36
  5. Stress is an important contributor to myocardial ischemia and the progression of coronary artery disease (CAD), and women are more susceptible than men to these effects. Little is known, however, about the neu...

    Authors: Nicole Kasher, Matthew T. Wittbrodt, Zuhayr S. Alam, Bruno B. Lima, Jonathon A. Nye, Carolina Campanella, Stacy Ladd, Muhammad Hammadah, Amit J. Shah, Paolo Raggi, Arshed A. Quyyumi, Viola Vaccarino and J. Douglas Bremner
    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2019 10:35
  6. Chronic inflammation and impaired sleep increase the risk for cardiovascular disease. Menopausal women may be particularly at risk as a result of impaired sleep. The objective of the current investigation was ...

    Authors: Bianca D’Antono and Véronique Bouchard
    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2019 10:34
  7. Although some recent studies have indicated an association between metabolic syndrome (MetS) and musculoskeletal disease, little is known about the association of MetS with low back pain (LBP). The present stu...

    Authors: Takahiko Yoshimoto, Hirotaka Ochiai, Takako Shirasawa, Satsue Nagahama, Akihito Uehara, Shogo Sai and Akatsuki Kokaze
    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2019 10:33
  8. Studies assessing volumetric sex differences have provided contradictory results. Total intracranial volume (TIV) is a major confounding factor when estimating local volumes of interest (VOIs). We investigated...

    Authors: Carla Sanchis-Segura, Maria Victoria Ibañez-Gual, Jesús Adrián-Ventura, Naiara Aguirre, Álvaro Javier Gómez-Cruz, César Avila and Cristina Forn
    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2019 10:32
  9. It is well documented that the metabolic syndrome predisposes patients to increased cardiovascular risk. Emerging data indicates that cardiovascular risk conferred by metabolic syndrome is highly dependent on ...

    Authors: Jessica L. Faulkner and Eric J. Belin de Chantemèle
    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2019 10:30
  10. Key differences exist between men and women in the determinants and manifestations of cardiovascular and cardiometabolic diseases. Recently, gut microbiome-host relations have been implicated in cardiovascular...

    Authors: Alexander C. Razavi, Kaitlin S. Potts, Tanika N. Kelly and Lydia A. Bazzano
    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2019 10:29
  11. There are sex differences in risk for stroke and small vessel ischemic disease in the brain. Microvesicles (MV) derived from activated cells vary by cell of origin and the stimulus initiating their release. MV...

    Authors: Larry W. Hunter, Muthuvel Jayachandran and Virginia M. Miller
    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2019 10:26
  12. Adipocytes and macrophages, the two major constituents of adipose tissue, exhibit sex differences and work in synergy in adipose tissue physiology and pathophysiology, including obesity-linked insulin resistan...

    Authors: Yang Xin Zi Xu, Geetika Bassi and Suresh Mishra
    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2019 10:25
  13. African Americans (AA) develop hypertension (HTN) at an earlier age, have a greater frequency and severity of HTN, and greater prevalence of uncontrolled HTN as compared to the white population. Mineralocortic...

    Authors: John S. Clemmer, Jessica L. Faulkner, Alex J. Mullen, Kenneth R. Butler and Robert L. Hester
    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2019 10:24
  14. Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is among the most common and disabling persistent pain conditions, with increasing prevalence in the developed world, and affects women to a greater degree than men. In the USA, the gr...

    Authors: Meghna Nandi, Kristin L. Schreiber, Marc O. Martel, Marise Cornelius, Claudia M. Campbell, Jennifer A. Haythornthwaite, Michael T. Smith Jr., John Wright, Linda S. Aglio, Gary Strichartz and Robert R. Edwards
    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2019 10:23
  15. Exposure to an adverse environment in early life can have lifelong consequences for risk of cardiovascular disease. Maternal alcohol (ethanol) intake is common and associated with a variety of harmful effects ...

    Authors: Sarah L. Walton, Melissa Tjongue, Marianne Tare, Edmund Kwok, Megan Probyn, Helena C. Parkington, John F. Bertram, Karen M. Moritz and Kate M. Denton
    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2019 10:21
  16. Antarctica challenges human explorers by its extreme environment. The effects of these unique conditions on the human physiology need to be understood to best mitigate health problems in Antarctic expedition c...

    Authors: C. Strewe, D. Moser, J.-I. Buchheim, H.-C. Gunga, A. Stahn, B. E. Crucian, B. Fiedel, H. Bauer, P. Gössmann-Lang, D. Thieme, E. Kohlberg, A. Choukèr and M. Feuerecker
    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2019 10:20
  17. The obesity-related risk of developing metabolic syndrome is higher in males than in females of reproductive age, likely due to estrogen-mediated reduced adipose tissue inflammation and fibrosis with hypertrop...

    Authors: Sujoy Ghosh, Jessica L. Taylor, Tamra M. Mendoza, Thanh Dang, David H. Burk, Yongmei Yu, Gail Kilroy and Z. Elizabeth Floyd
    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2019 10:19

    The Correction to this article has been published in Biology of Sex Differences 2019 10:38

  18. .

    Authors: Parisa Amiri, Golnaz Vahedi-Notash, Parisa Naseri, Davood Khalili, Seyed Saeed Hashemi Nazari, Yadollah Mehrabi, Ali Reza Mahdavi Hazaveh, Fereidoun Azizi and Farzad Hadaegh
    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2019 10:18

    The original article was published in Biology of Sex Differences 2019 10:15

  19. Weight loss by surgery or lifestyle changes is strongly recommended for obese individuals to improve metabolic health, but the underlying impairments that persist from a history of obesity remain unclear. Rece...

    Authors: Cameron Griffin, Chelsea R. Hutch, Simin Abrishami, Daria Stelmak, Leila Eter, Ziru Li, Eric Chang, Devyani Agarwal, Brian Zamarron, Mita Varghese, Perla Subbaiah, Ormond A. MacDougald, Darleen A. Sandoval and Kanakadurga Singer
    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2019 10:16
  20. The current nationwide study, for the first time, aimed to assess and compare the trend of pre-hypertension and hypertension among urban and rural adolescents in Iran.

    Authors: Parisa Amiri, Golnaz Vahedi-Notash, Parisa Naseri, Davood Khalili, Seyed Saeed Hashemi Nazari, Yadollah Mehrabi, Ali Reza Mahdavi Hazaveh, Fereidoun Azizi and Farzad Hadaegh
    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2019 10:15

    The Correction to this article has been published in Biology of Sex Differences 2019 10:18

  21. Postoperative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) is a common postoperative complication experienced by patients aged 65 years and older, and these older adults comprise more than one third of the surgical patients i...

    Authors: Katie J. Schenning, Charles F. Murchison, Nora C. Mattek, Jeffrey A. Kaye and Joseph F. Quinn
    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2019 10:14
  22. The male predominance in the incidence of nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) suggests the contribution of the X chromosome to the susceptibility of NPC. However, no X-linked susceptibility loci have been examined ...

    Authors: Xiao-Yu Zuo, Qi-Sheng Feng, Jian Sun, Pan-Pan Wei, Yoon-Ming Chin, Yun-Miao Guo, Yun-Fei Xia, Bo Li, Xiao-Jun Xia, Wei-Hua Jia, Jian-Jun Liu, Alan Soo-Beng Khoo, Taisei Mushiroda, Ching-Ching Ng, Wen-Hui Su, Yi-Xin Zeng…
    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2019 10:13
  23. The response to overfeeding is sex dependent, and metabolic syndrome is more likely associated to obesity in men or postmenopausal women than in young fertile women. We hypothesized that obesity-induced metabo...

    Authors: Marcela González-Granillo, Luisa A. Helguero, Eliana Alves, Amena Archer, Christina Savva, Matteo Pedrelli, Osman Ahmed, Xidan Li, Maria Rosário Domingues, Paolo Parini, Jan-Åke Gustafsson and Marion Korach-André
    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2019 10:11
  24. Following publication of the original article [1], we noticed a number of errors.

    Authors: Katsuya Uchida, Hiroko Otsuka, Masahiro Morishita, Shinji Tsukahara, Tatsuya Sato, Kenji Sakimura and Keiichi Itoi
    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2019 10:10

    The original article was published in Biology of Sex Differences 2019 10:6

  25. Orphanin FQ (aka nociceptin; N/OFQ) binds to its nociceptin opioid peptide (NOP) receptor expressed in proopiomelanocortin (POMC) neurons within the arcuate nucleus (ARC), a critical anorexigenic component of ...

    Authors: Jennifer Hernandez, Carolina Fabelo, Lynnea Perez, Clare Moore, Rachel Chang and Edward J. Wagner
    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2019 10:9
  26. Maladaptive remodeling in pressure overload (PO)-induced left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) may lead to heart failure. Major sex differences have been reported in this process. The steroid hormone 17β-estradio...

    Authors: Hugo Sanchez-Ruderisch, Ana Maria Queirós, Daniela Fliegner, Claudia Eschen, Georgios Kararigas and Vera Regitz-Zagrosek
    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2019 10:8
  27. Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) culminating into heart failure (HF) are major causes of death in men and women. Prevalence and manifestation, however, differ between sexes, since men mainly present with coronar...

    Authors: Elise L. Kessler, Mathilde R. Rivaud, Marc A. Vos and Toon A. B. van Veen
    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2019 10:7
  28. The bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) contains the highest density of corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF)-producing neurons in the brain. CRF-immunoreactive neurons show a female-biased sexual dimorp...

    Authors: Katsuya Uchida, Hiroko Otsuka, Masahiro Morishita, Shinji Tsukahara, Tatsuya Sato, Kenji Sakimura and Keiichi Itoi
    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2019 10:6

    The Correction to this article has been published in Biology of Sex Differences 2019 10:10

  29. Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the primary inhibitory neurotransmitter in the nervous system. Previous studies have shown fluctuations in expression levels of GABA signaling components—glutamic acid decarbo...

    Authors: Madhavi Pandya, Thulani H. Palpagama, Clinton Turner, Henry J. Waldvogel, Richard L. Faull and Andrea Kwakowsky
    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2019 10:5
  30. Estrogen is formed by the enzyme aromatase (CYP19A1) and signals via three identified receptors ERα (ESR1), ERß (ESR2), and the G protein-coupled estrogen receptor (GPER). Understanding the relative contributi...

    Authors: Dillion D. Hutson, Rakesh Gurrala, Benard O. Ogola, Margaret A. Zimmerman, Ricardo Mostany, Ryousuke Satou and Sarah H. Lindsey
    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2019 10:4
  31. The Fast-Track Action Committee on (the) Health Science and Technology Response to the Opioid Crisis recently released their draft report for public comment. This report provides the “roadmap” for a coordinate...

    Authors: Jill B. Becker and Carolyn M. Mazure
    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2019 10:3
  32. Men are at higher risk of developing chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) than women. DNA methylation has been shown to play important roles in a number of cancers. There are differences in the DNA methylation p...

    Authors: Shuchun Lin, Yun Liu, Lynn R. Goldin, Chen Lyu, Xiangyin Kong, Yan Zhang, Neil E. Caporaso, Song Xiang and Ying Gao
    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2019 10:2
  33. The pathogenesis of hypertension is distinct between men and women. Endothelin-1 (ET-1) is a potential contributor to sex differences in the pathophysiology of hypertension. ET-1 participates in blood pressure...

    Authors: Eman Y. Gohar, Anthony K. Cook, David M. Pollock and Edward W. Inscho
    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2019 10:1
  34. Atherosclerotic lesions are comprised of distinct regions with different proteomic profiles. Men and women develop differences in lesion phenotype, with lesions from women generally being more stable and less ...

    Authors: Liam J. Ward, Patrik Olausson, Wei Li and Xi-Ming Yuan
    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2018 9:54
  35. Evidence suggests that epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is closely related to coronary artery stenosis (CAS). However, sexual dimorphism may be present in adipose tissue, and its influence on CAS between men an...

    Authors: Mi-Na Kim, Seong-Mi Park, Dong-Hyuk Cho, Hack-Lyoung Kim, Mi-Seung Shin, Myung-A Kim, Kyung-Soon Hong and Wan-Joo Shim
    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2018 9:52
  36. Plasma fibrinogen (FIB) has been demonstrated to be a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Patients with non-calcified plaque (NCP) or mix plaque (MP) have a higher risk of poor outcomes. However, the assoc...

    Authors: Tiewei Li, Fang Wang, Rui Peng, Shengqiang Pei, Zhihui Hou, Bin Lu, Xiangfeng Cong and Xi Chen
    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2018 9:51
  37. Women live about 4 years longer due to lower prevalence of cardiovascular complication with ageing. However, the mechanisms involved in the preservation of heart functionality in women have not been fully eluc...

    Authors: Żaneta Piotrowska, Michał Niezgoda, Wojciech Łebkowski, Anna Filipek, Natalia Domian and Irena Kasacka
    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2018 9:50
  38. Chronic stress is a major contributor in the development of metabolic syndrome and associated diseases, such as diabetes. High-fat diet (HFD) and sex are known modifiers of metabolic parameters. Peptide hormon...

    Authors: Sreenivasan Paruthiyil, Shin-ichiro Hagiwara, Keshav Kundassery and Aditi Bhargava
    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2018 9:49
  39. Recently, we showed that exogenous treatment with estrogen (E2) rescues pre-existing advanced heart failure (HF) in mice. Since most of the biological actions of E2 are mediated through the classical estrogen ...

    Authors: Andrea Iorga, Soban Umar, Gregoire Ruffenach, Laila Aryan, Jingyuan Li, Salil Sharma, Negar Motayagheni, Rangarajan D. Nadadur, Jean C. Bopassa and Mansoureh Eghbali
    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2018 9:48
  40. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) encompasses benign steatosis and more severe conditions such as non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), cirrhosis, and liver cancer. This chronic liver disease has a poo...

    Authors: Zeyneb Kurt, Rio Barrere-Cain, Jonnby LaGuardia, Margarete Mehrabian, Calvin Pan, Simon T Hui, Frode Norheim, Zhiqiang Zhou, Yehudit Hasin, Aldons J Lusis and Xia Yang
    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2018 9:46
  41. Females and males differ significantly in gross anatomy and physiology of the lower urinary tract, and these differences are commonly discussed in the medical and scientific literature. However, less attention...

    Authors: Benjamin Abelson, Daniel Sun, Lauren Que, Rebecca A Nebel, Dylan Baker, Patrick Popiel, Cindy L Amundsen, Toby Chai, Clare Close, Michael DiSanto, Matthew O Fraser, Stephanie J Kielb, George Kuchel, Elizabeth R Mueller, Mary H Palmer, Candace Parker-Autry…
    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2018 9:45
  42. Statins are often discontinued in patients with advanced cancer since the net effect of treatment is considered negative. However, guidelines concerning discontinuation of statin treatment are lacking. The aim...

    Authors: Helena Bergström, Elsa Brånvall, Maria Helde-Frankling and Linda Björkhem-Bergman
    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2018 9:47
  43. Worldwide tuberculosis (TB) reports show a male bias in morbidity; however, the differences in pathogenesis between men and women with TB, as well as the mechanisms associated with such differences, are poorly...

    Authors: Wenling Tan, Adiilah K Soodeen-Lalloo, Yue Chu, Weijie Xu, Fengfang Chen, Jie Zhang, Wei Sha, Jin Huang, Guanghong Yang, Lianhua Qin, Jie Wang, Xiaochen Huang, Jingyun Shi and Yonghong Feng
    Citation: Biology of Sex Differences 2018 9:44