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Table 1 Demographic and basic characteristics of the cohort

From: Long-term follow-up in primary Sjögren’s syndrome reveals differences in clinical presentation between female and male patients

  Women n = 899% (frequency) Men n = 68% (frequency) p value
Basic characteristics
 Sex 93% (899/967) 7% (68/967) <0.0001
 Age at symptom onset (years, mean ± SD) 46.16 ± 14.79 47.88 ± 14.71 0.50
 Age at diagnosis (years, mean ± SD) 52.65 ± 13.75 52.63 ± 13.52 0.96
 Follow-up time from diagnosis (years, mean ± SD) 8.76 ± 7.62 8.48 ± 6.15 0.68
Item IV. Histopathologya
Salivary gland biopsy
 Performed 87% (760/871) 79% (52/66) 0.06
 Positive (focus score ≥1) 90% (616/685) 86% (42/49) 0.35
 Germinal centers 21% (75/351) 33% (8/24) 0.20
  1. Bold values indicate statistically significant findings (p < 0.05)
  2. aAccording to the 2002 Revised American-European Consensus Group criteria for Sjögren’s syndrome