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Table 1 Sample characteristics by sex

From: Sex and race define the effects of adverse childhood experiences on self-reported BMI and metabolic health biomarkers

  Women
(N = 25,487)
Men
(N = 12,866)
Overall
(N = 38,353)
Age, years
 Mean (SD) 60.5 (8.66) 60.8 (8.38) 60.6 (8.57)
 Median [Q1, Q3] 59.0 [54.0, 66.0] 60.0 [54.0, 66.0] 60.0 [54.0, 66.0]
Race
 White 9079 (35.6%) 4974 (38.7%) 14,053 (36.6%)
 Black 16,408 (64.4%) 7892 (61.3%) 24,300 (63.4%)
Income*
 Less than $15,000 11,669 (49.7%) 5076 (41.9%) 16,745 (47.0%)
 $15,000 to < $25,000 5075 (21.6%) 2191 (18.1%) 7266 (20.4%)
 $25,000 to < $50,000 3831 (16.3%) 2185 (18.0%) 6016 (16.9%)
 $50,000 to < $100,000 2170 (9.24%) 1802 (14.9%) 3972 (11.2%)
 $100,000+  741 (3.16%) 869 (7.17%) 1610 (4.52%)
Marital status*
 Married/living with partner 8036 (32.1%) 6376 (50.4%) 14,412 (38.2%)
 Separated/divorced 7916 (31.6%) 3126 (24.7%) 11,042 (29.3%)
 Widowed 4973 (19.8%) 732 (5.78%) 5705 (15.1%)
 Single 4130 (16.5%) 2420 (19.1%) 6550 (17.4%)
Menopause status
 Pre-menopausal 1541 (6.07%) 1541 (6.07%)
 Post-menopausal 23,847 (93.9%) 23,847 (93.9%)
Employment status*
 Full-time 5110 (20.8%) 2661 (21.3%) 7771 (21.0%)
 Part-time 1998 (8.14%) 787 (6.31%) 2785 (7.52%)
 Unemployed 2456 (10.0%) 1394 (11.2%) 3850 (10.4%)
 On disability 8084 (32.9%) 4140 (33.2%) 12,224 (33.0%)
 Retired 5636 (23.0%) 3487 (28.0%) 9123 (24.6%)
 Housewife 1267 (5.16%) 0 (0%) 1267 (3.42%)
Number of ACEs
 Mean (SD) 1.75 (2.27) 1.43 (2.07) 1.64 (2.21)
 Median [Q1, Q3] 1.00 [0, 3.0] 1.00 [0, 2.0] 1.00 [0, 2.0]
BMI, kg/m2
 Mean (SD) 31.9 (8.01) 28.7 (6.32) 30.8 (7.63)
 Median [Q1, Q3] 30.7 [26.16, 36.28] 27.7 [24.41, 31.87] 29.5 [25.45, 34.77]
Waist circumference, cm*
 Mean (SD) 104 (18.5) 103 (17.8) 104 (18.3)
 Median [Q1, Q3] 103 [92, 116] 101 [92, 113] 102 [92, 115]
Total cholesterol, mg/dL*
 Mean (SD) 208 (44.1) 189 (40.6) 203 (44.0)
 Median [Q1, Q3] 203 [178, 233] 187 [160.0, 214.5] 199 [173, 228]
HDL cholesterol, mg/dL*
 Mean (SD) 51.7 (14.5) 44.9 (14.6) 50.1 (14.8)
 Median [Q1, Q3] 50.0 [42, 59] 42.0 [35, 52] 48.0 [40, 57.62]
Leptin, ng/mL*
 Mean (SD) 23.0 (16.9) 7.24 (9.76) 16.9 (16.5)
 Median [Q1, Q3] 18.2 [9.94, 32.79] 3.87 [1.583, 8.559] 11.6 [4.03, 24.95]
Adiponectin, ng/mL*
 Mean (SD) 14,000 (11,500) 10,100 (8290) 13,000 (10,900)
 Median [Q1, Q3] 10,472 [6685, 16,872] 7442 [5191, 11,805] 9645 [6164, 15,820]
C-peptide, ng/mL*
 Mean (SD) 2.47 (2.22) 2.40 (1.64) 2.45 (2.08)
 Median [Q1, Q3] 2 [1.13, 3.23] 1.9 [1.161, 3.402] 1.98 [1.13, 3.29]
HbA1c, %*
 Mean (SD) 6.37 (1.48) 6.20 (1.72) 6.35 (1.51)
 Median [Q1, Q3] 6 [5.6, 6.5] 5.8 [5.4, 6.2] 5.9 [5.6, 6.5]
Insulin, pmol/L*
 Mean (SD) 116 (113) 93.8 (117) 112 (114)
 Median [Q1, Q3] 74.5 [48, 145] 67 [39, 106] 72 [48.0, 134.8]
Resistin, ng/mL*
 Mean (SD) 22.4 (26.6) 17.6 (15.0) 20.4 (22.6)
 Median [Q1, Q3] 14.86 [9.13, 27.76] 12.24 [7.73, 23.80] 14.12 [8.37, 26.67]
  1. Mean and median distribution of sample characteristics in women and men study participants
  2. ACE adverse childhood experiences; BMI body mass index
  3. *Indicates variables with missing values: income (2744), marital status (644), employment status (1333), menopause status (99), waist circumference (33,538), total cholesterol (35,805), HDL cholesterol (35,805), leptin (37,548), adiponectin (35,958), C-peptide (35,959), HbA1c (37,134), insulin (37,907), and resistin (38,020)