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Table 3 Long-term outcomes of the women versus men in the propensity score-matched cohorts

From: Sex differences following percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary artery bypass surgery for acute myocardial infarction

Outcome/subgroup Women Men HR/SHR of women (95% CI) P for interaction
Primary outcome     
 Cardiovascular death     0.450
  PCI 1868 (14.3%) 1899 (14.5%) 0.99 (0.93–1.05)  
  CABG 343 (20.0%) 320 (18.6%) 1.05 (0.90–1.23)  
 Acute myocardial infarction (AMI)     0.080
  PCI 1044 (8.0%) 1091 (8.4%) 0.96 (0.88–1.04)  
  CABG 94 (5.5%) 75 (4.4%) 1.27 (0.94–1.71)  
 Ischemic stroke     0.157
  PCI 774 (5.9%) 793 (6.1%) 0.98 (0.89–1.08)  
  CABG 112 (6.5%) 137 (8.0%) 0.81 (0.63–1.04)  
 Primary composite outcomea     0.582
  PCI 3069 (23.5%) 3168 (24.3%) 0.97 (0.92–1.02)  
  CABG 457 (26.6%) 445 (25.9%) 1.01 (0.88–1.15)  
Secondary outcome     
 All-cause mortality     0.723
  PCI 4752 (36.4%) 4826 (37.0%) 0.99 (0.95–1.02)  
  CABG 956 (55.7%) 968 (56.4%) 0.97 (0.89–1.06)  
 Admission for heart failure     0.0496
  PCI 1360 (10.4%) 1048 (8.0%) 1.32 (1.22–1.43)  
  CABG 244 (14.2%) 227 (13.2%) 1.09 (0.91–1.30)  
 Revascularization (PCI or CABG)     0.021
  PCI 3674 (28.1%) 4232 (32.4%) 0.84 (0.81–0.88)  
  CABG 151 (8.8%) 138 (8.0%) 1.11 (0.88–1.39)  
Safety outcome     
 Major bleeding     0.296
  PCI 350 (2.7%) 382 (2.9%) 0.92 (0.79–1.06)  
  CABG 56 (3.3%) 49 (2.9%) 1.14 (0.78–1.68)  
 GI bleeding     0.351
  PCI 1944 (14.9%) 2034 (15.6%) 0.95 (0.90–1.01)  
  CABG 263 (15.3%) 255 (14.9%) 1.04 (0.88–1.23)  
 Intracranial hemorrhage     0.738
  PCI 85 (0.7%) 104 (0.8%) 0.82 (0.62–1.09)  
  CABG 13 (0.8%) 18 (1.0%) 0.72 (0.35–1.47)  
  1. Data were given as frequency (percentage)
  2. PCI percutaneous coronary intervention, CABG coronary artery bypass grafting, HR hazard ratio, SHR subdistribution hazard ratio, CI confidence interval, GI gastrointestinal
  3. aIncluding cardiovascular death, acute myocardial infarction and ischemic stroke