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Table 2 Crude and adjusted means (adjusted for age, height, %fat mass) and their standard errors of blood parameters in non-obese and obese study participants, stratified by sex

From: Gender differences in cardiometabolic health and disease in a cross-sectional observational obesity study

  Non-obese female Non-obese male p value non-obese female vs. male Obese female Obese male p value obese female vs. male
Lipids       
 HDL-Chol [mg/dl]       
  Crude 68 ± 3 59 ± 2 0.0274 54 ± 1 41 ± 1  < 0.0001
  Adjusted* 72 ± 3 52 ± 5 0.0060 53 ± 1 42 ± 2  < 0.0001
 Triglycerides [mg/dl]       
  Crude 103 ± 9 103 ± 13 0.9992 129 ± 5 173 ± 7  < 0.0001
  Adjusted* 76 ± 12 150 ± 18 0.0052 132 ± 8 170 ± 10 0.0190
 Apo-A1 [mg/dl]       
  Crude 185 ± 5 167 ± 4 0.0129 162 ± 2 140 ± 2  < 0.0001
  Adjusted* 189 ± 6 160 ± 8 0.0212 160 ± 3 144 ± 4 0.0029
Glucose–insulin       
 Glucose [mg/dl]       
  Crude 85 ± 1 86 ± 2 0.7718 94 ± 1 110 ± 3  < 0.0001
  Adjusted* 82 ± 2 91 ± 2 0.0166 93 ± 3 110 ± 3 0.0015
 Insulin [mg/dl]       
  Crude 8.8 ± 0.9 6.6 ± 0.7 0.0788 19.8 ± 1.3 28.7 ± 1.7  < 0.0001
  Adjusted* 7.3 ± 1.0 9.4 ± 1.4 0.3200 16.1 ± 1.9 33.9 ± 2.5  < 0.0001
 HOMA-IR [mg/dl]       
  Crude 1.9 ± 0.2 1.4 ± 0.2 0.1181 4.9 ± 0.4 8.3 ± 0.7  < 0.0001
  Adjusted* 1.5 ± 0.2 2.2 ± 0.3 0.1900 3.8 ± 0.6 9.5 ± 0.8  < 0.0001
Liver       
GPT(ALAT) [mg/dl]       
Crude 25 ± 2 30 ± 2 0.1124 31 ± 1 50 ± 3  < 0.0001
Adjusted* 21 ± 2 37 ± 3 0.0017 31 ± 2 51 ± 3  < 0.0001
γGT [mg/dl]       
Crude 26 ± 3 40 ± 12 0.1451 32 ± 2 54 ± 3  < 0.0001
Adjusted* 19 ± 8 51 ± 12 0.0644 32 ± 3 53 ± 3 0.0001
Adipokines       
 Leptin [µg/L]       
  Crude 19.4 ± 1.9 3.3 ± 0.3  < 0.0001 68.4 ± 4.2 32.8 ± 2.2  < 0.0001
  Adjusted* 15.4 ± 1.8 11.2 ± 3.0 0.3200 52.0 ± 4.1 54.9 ± 5.6 0.7399
 Adiponectin [µg/ml]       
  Crude 12.2 ± 0.8 10.4 ± 1.8 0.2739 10.1 ± 0.3 7.1 ± 0.3  < 0.0001
  Adjusted* 15.2 ± 1.2 5.4 ± 1.8 0.0004 9.9 ± 0.4 7.3 ± 0.5 0.0009
 Hs-CRP [mg/L]       
  Crude 1.7 ± 0.3 1.4 ± 0.4 0.5582 8.3 ± 0.7 5.5 ± 0.4 0.0016
  Adjusted* 1.4 ± 0.4 2.0 ± 0.6 0.4717 6.1 ± 0.7 8.7 ± 1.0 0.0777
 Homocystein [µmol/L]       
  Crude 9.5 ± 0.3 11.0 ± 0.4 0.0059 10.1 ± 0.2 12.0 ± 0.5 0.0002
  Adjusted* 9.1 ± 0.4 11.7 ± 0.7 0.0085 10.4 ± 0.5 11.6 ± 0.6 0.1961
 SE-Selectin [ng/ml]       
  Crude 32.7 ± 2.0 38.6 ± 2.6 0.0705 43.1 ± 1.8 49.7 ± 2.2 0.0221
  Adjusted* 29.5 ± 2.6 44.0 ± 3.9 0.0119 40.3 ± 2.5 54.7 ± 3.4 0.0054