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Table 1 Characteristics of included studies

From: Sex differences in vancomycin-resistant enterococci bloodstream infections—a systematic review and meta-analysis

Study Design Location Duration Patient population Sample size (male sex %) Patients with VRE BSI VRE BSI sex ratio (m:f)
Chen et al. [23] Retrospective cross-sectional study Changhua, Taiwan 2010–2014 All admitted patients with enterococcal BSI 279
(NM)
36 4:5
Ford et al. [24] Cohort study Salt Lake City, USA 2006–2014 Admitted HSCT patients with enterococcal BSI 161
(72%)
10 1:1
Xie et al. [25] Retrospective chart review Melbourne, Australia 2008–2013 All admitted patients with VRE BSI 96
(52%)
96 10:9
Ye et al. [26] Retrospective cohort study Taoyuan, Taiwan 2011–2015 Admitted patients > 18 years with VRE BSI 210
(53%)
210 10:9
Johnstone et al. [27] Matched case-control study Ontario, Canada 2009–2013 All admitted patients with VRE BSI matched to 3 controls 868
(60%)
217 3:2
Ryan et al. [28] Retrospective cohort study Dublin, Ireland 2009–2012 All admitted patients with VRE BSI 75
(60%)
75 3:2
Gouliouris et al. [29] Nested case-control study Cambridge, UK 2006–2012 Admitted patients with VRE BSI matched 1:1 to controls 455
(60%)
235 8:5
Kramer et al. [30] Retrospective cohort study Berlin, Germany 2008–2015 All admitted patients with enterococcal BSI 1160
(61%)
103 2:1
Bae et al. [31] Retrospective cohort study Seoul, Korea 2010–2017 Admitted patients ≤ 18 years with underlying malignancies and enterococcal BSI 30
(70%)
11 9:2
  1. NM not mentioned, m male, f female