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Table 1 Selected gender-related variables from the BASE-II cohort

From: Gender score development in the Berlin Aging Study II: a retrospective approach

Mean (SD) Female (n = 543) Male (n = 502) p value Gender dimension
Age 68.4 (3.4) 68.8 (3.5) 0.06 n/a
Diabetes mellitus type II, n (%) 54 (9.9) 79 (15.7) 0.007 n/a
Hypertension, n (%) 250 (46.0) 242 (48.2) 0.05 n/a
Current smoking, n (%) 38 (7.0) 58 (11.6) < 0.001 n/a
Myocardial infarction, n (%) 6 (1.1) 14 (2.8) 0.05 n/a
Risk-taking behaviour 3.05 (1.42) 2.43 (1.65) < 0.001 Gender identity
PSS 1.52 (0.35) 1.46 (0.34) < 0.001 Gender identity
TICS 1.36 (0.67) 1.11 (0.63) < 0.001 Gender identity
BFI: Extraversion 5.07 (1.2) 4.78 (1.17) < 0.001 Gender identity
BFI: Conscientiousness 5.6 (0.9) 5.50 (1) 0.01 Gender identity
BFI: Agreeableness 5.3 (1.03) 5.13 (0.96) < 0.001 Gender identity
BFI: Neuroticism 3.76 (1.33) 3.36 (1.25) < 0.001 Gender identity
The good things in my life n/a n/a   Gender identity
BFI: Openness to experience 5.09 (1.18) 4.97 (1.18) 0.05 Gender identity
UCLA-Loneliness 3.05 (0.34) 3.01 (0.33) 0.03 Gender relations
Employment status 2014 n/a n/a   Gender roles
Family status 2009–2014 n/a n/a   Institutionalized gender
Education 13.7 (2.76) 14.37 (1.4) < 0.001 Institutionalized gender
  1. Each variable was taken according to the definition provided in the Women health research network [11]. MI myocardial infarction, PSS perceived stress scale, TICS Trier Inventory for Chronic Stress (TICS), BFI big five Inventory, UCLA University of California, Los Angeles (n = 1045)