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Table 5 Associations between individuals' characteristics and clusters membership in women, Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (1999–2014)

From: Sex-specific clustering of metabolic risk factors and cancer risk: a longitudinal study in Iran

Variables Cluster 2 Cluster 3 Cluster 4 Cluster 5 Cluster 6 Cluster 7
OR(95%CI) P value OR(95%CI) P value OR(95%CI) P value OR(95%CI) P value OR(95%CI) P value OR(95%CI) P value
Age (years) 0.94(0.93–0.96) <0.001 1.01(1.00–1.02) 0.021 1.04(1.02–1.05) <0.001 1.08(1.07–1.09) <0.001 1.04(1.03–1.06) <0.001 1.09(1.08–1.10) <0.001
Education             
 Level 3 (> 12 years) Reference            
 Level 1 (0–8 years) 1.40(0.85–2.30) 0.186 1.65(1.13–2.41) 0.009 1.12(0.72–1.73) 0.579 1.16(0.85–1.59) 0.351 0.92(0.59–1.41) 0.713 1.14(0.84–1.54) 0.388
 Level 2 (9–12 years) 0.87(0.48–1.56) 0.648 1.03(0.61–1.63) 0.890 0.74(0.39–1.38) 0.365 0.40(0.23–0.69) 0.001 0.32(0.14–0.70) 0.003 0.38(0.22–0.65) 0.001
Physical activity level             
 High Reference            
 Low 0.76(0.61–0.95) 0.017 0.90(0.73–1.12) 0.372 0.79(0.60–1.05) 0.115 0.92(0.74–1.15) 0.511 0.81(0.60–1.09) 0.172 1.03(0.83–1.28) 0.758
Smoking             
 Never Reference            
 Past 1.08(0.42–2.74) 0.869 1.26(0.56–2.54) 0.638 0.31(0.07–1.40) 0.129 1.31(0.67–2.56) 0.424 2.37(0.97–4.73) 0.057 1.06(0.53–2.04) 0.898
 Passive 0.99(0.76–1.29) 0.955 1.33(1.04–1.70) 0.019 1.15(0.82–1.62) 0.393 0.93(0.71–1.22) 0.630 1.63(1.16–2.29) 0.004 1.10(0.85–1.42) 0.468
 Current 1.25(0.82–1.89) 0.290 0.97(0.59–1.39) 0.671 0.82(0.43–1.46) 0.469 0.54(0.33–0.91) 0.020 1.30(0.66–2.07) 0.587 0.64(0.40–1.02) 0.063
  1. Results obtained from the multinomial logistic regression. Cluster 1 with the lowest mean number of MRFs (Table 3) was considered as reference group in multinomial regression analysis
  2. MRFS metabolic risk factors, OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval
  3. *P values are based on statistical significance of OR