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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of study participants, stratified by gender and cancer status, Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (1999–2014)

From: Sex-specific clustering of metabolic risk factors and cancer risk: a longitudinal study in Iran

Variables Men Women
Non-cancer
n = 3797
Cancer
n = 132
P value Non-cancer
n = 4531
Cancer
n = 133
*P value
Age (years) 47.8(13.0) 59.4(11.5) < 0.001 46.3(11.6) 52.1(12.0) <0.001
BMI (kg/ m2) 26.2(3.9) 25.9(3.9) 0.451 28.6(4.7) 28.6(5.1) 0.935
FPG (mmol/L) 5.5(1.7) 5.8(2.0) 0.167 5.6(2.1) 5.7(1.9) 0.668
TC (mmol/L) 5.3(1.1) 5.3(1.1) 0.698 5.6(1.2) 5.8(1.1) 0.063
SBP (mmHg) 121.4(19.1) 131.9(19.8) < 0.001 121.4(20.4) 126.8(22.1) 0.003
DBP (mmHg) 78.2(11.2) 79.9(11.6) 0.083 78.8(10.8) 79.6(12.0) 0.390
Education
 Level 1 (0–8 years) 29.4(76.5) 99(75.0) < 0.001 3477(76.7) 91(68.4) 0.010
 Level 2 (9–11 years) 672(17.7) 12(9.1) 340(7.5) 8(6.0)
 Level 3 (> 12 years) 221(5.8) 21(15.9) 714(15.8) 34(25.6)
Low physical activity 2758(72.6) 92(69.7) 0.257 3220(71.1) 93(69.9) 0.420
Smoking
 Never 1460(38.5) 58(43.9) 0.063 3377(74.5) 100(75.2) 0.224
 Past 622(16.4) 29(22.0) 107(2.4) 6(4.5)
 Passive 487(12.8) 15(11.4) 824(18.2) 24(18.0)
 Current 1228(32.3) 30(22.7)   223(4.9) 3(2.3)