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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of study participants, stratified by gender and cancer status, Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (1999–2014)

From: Sex-specific clustering of metabolic risk factors and cancer risk: a longitudinal study in Iran

VariablesMenWomen
Non-cancer
n = 3797
Cancer
n = 132
P valueNon-cancer
n = 4531
Cancer
n = 133
*P value
Age (years)47.8(13.0)59.4(11.5)< 0.00146.3(11.6)52.1(12.0)<0.001
BMI (kg/ m2)26.2(3.9)25.9(3.9)0.45128.6(4.7)28.6(5.1)0.935
FPG (mmol/L)5.5(1.7)5.8(2.0)0.1675.6(2.1)5.7(1.9)0.668
TC (mmol/L)5.3(1.1)5.3(1.1)0.6985.6(1.2)5.8(1.1)0.063
SBP (mmHg)121.4(19.1)131.9(19.8)< 0.001121.4(20.4)126.8(22.1)0.003
DBP (mmHg)78.2(11.2)79.9(11.6)0.08378.8(10.8)79.6(12.0)0.390
Education
 Level 1 (0–8 years)29.4(76.5)99(75.0)< 0.0013477(76.7)91(68.4)0.010
 Level 2 (9–11 years)672(17.7)12(9.1)340(7.5)8(6.0)
 Level 3 (> 12 years)221(5.8)21(15.9)714(15.8)34(25.6)
Low physical activity2758(72.6)92(69.7)0.2573220(71.1)93(69.9)0.420
Smoking
 Never1460(38.5)58(43.9)0.0633377(74.5)100(75.2)0.224
 Past622(16.4)29(22.0)107(2.4)6(4.5)
 Passive487(12.8)15(11.4)824(18.2)24(18.0)
 Current1228(32.3)30(22.7) 223(4.9)3(2.3)