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Table 4 Results of the multiple linear regression analyses exploring the relationship between obsessive-compulsive symptoms and HPA axis measures

From: Sex-specific association between the cortisol awakening response and obsessive-compulsive symptoms in healthy individuals

 CARDiurnal cortisol slopeDSTR
Female gender0.1150.306− 0.0850.3020.0700.388
Age− 0.3160.001− 0.0400.6980.1460.149
BMI0.0290.756− 0.0740.445− 0.0900.346
Smoking (cig/day)0.0540.4890.0280.726− 0.0200.801
OCI-R total score0.2250.0620.0600.507− 0.1230.167
HRSRS stress score0.0230.7770.0820.348− 0.0270.752
STAI-Trait Anxiety0.0370.7420.1340.2510.2640.022
STAI-State Anxiety− 0.0710.469− 0.1470.151− 0.1200.234
Female gender × OCI-R interaction− 0.3220.023    
  1. Abbreviations: CAR cortisol awakening response, DSTR dexamethasone suppression test ratio, BMI body mass index, OCI-R Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory—Revised, HRSRS Holmes-Rahe Social Readjustment Scale, STAI State-Trait Anxiety Inventory