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Table 5 Pearson correlation analyses in the male ADHD patient sample (level of significance p < 0.008, pACC n = 48, cerebellum n = 42); presented are Pearson correlation coefficients and p values

From: Neurochemical sex differences in adult ADHD patients: an MRS study

  WURS-k CAARS-inattention CAARS-hyper-activity-im-pulsivity CAARS-total symptoms CAARS-ADHD Index BDI WURS-k CAARS-inattention CAARS-hyper-activity-impulsivity CAARS-total-symp-toms CAARS-ADHD Index BDI
mADHD–pACC mADHD–cerebellum
Cre r = 0.186 r = 0.008 r = − 0.118 r = − 0.082 r = − 0.027 r = − 0.157 r = − 0.087 r = 0.298 r = 0.119 r = 0.269 r = 0.010 r = 0.041
p = 0.205 p = 0.957 p = 0.424 p = 0.578 p = 0.854 p = 0.288 p = 0.584 p = 0.055 p = 0.452 p = 0.085 p = 0.948 p = 0.796
t-Cho r = 0.216 r = 0.044 r = −0.049 r = 0.009 r = 0.046 r = −0.199 r = − 0.012 r = 0.238 r = 0.159 r = 0.248 r = 0.072 r = 0.026
p = 0.140 p = 0.764 p = 0.743 p = 0.954 p = 0.755 p = 0.176 p = 0.940 p = 0.129 p = 0.315 p = 0.113 p = 0.649 p = 0.868
Glx r = 0.130 r = 0.099 r = − 0.128 r = − 0.011 r = − 0.043 r = − 0.104 r = 0.085 r = − 0.112 r = − 0.109 r = − 0.104 r = − 0.126 r = 0.111
p = 0.377 p = 0.503 p = 0.388 p = 0.941 p = 0.772 p = 0.480 p = 0.593 p = 0.481 p = 0.493 p = 0.510 p = 0.427 p = 0.486
NAA r = 0.097 r = 0.098 r = 0.043 r = 0.101 r = 0.102 r = − 0.230 r = − 0.018 r = 0.100 r = 0.367 r = 0.285 r = 0.146 r = 0.010
p = 0.512 p = 0.506 p = 0.769 p = 0.493 p = 0.488 p = 0.117 p = 0.912 p = 0.529 p = 0.017 p = 0.067 p = 0.356 p = 0.952
mI r = 0.315 r = − 0.067 r = − 0.074 r = − 0.105 r = 0.005 r = − 0.180 r = 0.031 r = 0.134 r = 0.115 r = 0.180 r = − 0.097 r = − 0.091
p = 0.029 p = 0.650 p = 0.618 p = 0.479 p = 0.970 p = 0.221 p = 0.844 p = 0.397 p = 0.469 p = 0.255 p = 0.543 p = 0.566
  1. Abbreviations: mADHD male ADHD patients, pACC pregenual anterior cingulate cortex, WURS-k Wender Utah Rating Scale, CAARS-S:L Conners Adult ADHD Rating Scales-Self Report: Long Version, BDI Beck Depression Inventory, Cre creatine, t-Cho phosphorylcholine + glycerylphosphorylcholine, Glx glutamate + glutamine, NAA N-acetylaspartate, mI myo-inositol. For reference, see text. Italicized data denote nominally significant at p < 0.05