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Table 3 Association of metabolic syndrome with low back pain

From: Sex differences in the association of metabolic syndrome with low back pain among middle-aged Japanese adults: a large-scale cross-sectional study

  Total LBP Crude Adjusted*
N n (%) OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Men
 Mets (−) 25,293 511 (2.0) 1.00   1.00  
 Mets (+) 5402 130 (2.4) 1.20 0.98–1.45 1.15 0.95–1.40
Women
 Mets (−) 13,991 228 (1.6) 1.00   1.00  
 Mets (+) 506 18 (3.6) 2.27 1.37–3.63 2.16 1.32–3.53
  1. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval, MetS metabolic syndrome, LBP low back pain
  2. *Adjusted for age, smoking habits, alcohol intake, and physical activity