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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the study population (n = 628)

From: The relationship between epicardial adipose tissue and coronary artery stenosis by sex and menopausal status in patients with suspected angina

  Men (n = 257) Premenopausal women (n = 59) Postmenopausal women (n = 312) P value*
Age, years 57.6 ± 10.2§ 47.3. ± 5.2 63.8 ± 8.5 < 0.001
BMI, kg/m2 24.8 ± 3.0 25.2 ± 3.6 25.2 ± 3.2 0.935
Waist, cm 85.9 ± 9.2§ 72.9 ± 13.5 79.4 ± 9.0 < 0.001
Smoking, n (%) 88 (34.2%)§ 4 (6.8%) 18 (5.8%) 0.765
Hypertension, n (%) 130 (50.6%) 13 (22.0%) 151 (48.4%) < 0.001
Diabetes, n (%) 47 (18.3%) 4 (6.8%) 55 (17.6%) 0.034
Dyslipidemia, n (%) 57 (22.2%) 9 (15.3%) 73 (23.4%) 0.230
Obesity, n (%) 13 (5.1%) 6 (10.2%) 18 (5.8%) 0.224
Family Hx of CAD, n (%) 47 (18.2%) 6 (10.2%) 61 (20.7%) 0.096
Coronary angiographic finding
 CAS, n (%) 134 (52.1%)§ 10 (16.9%) 121 (38.8%) 0.001
Medication
 ACEi or ARB, n (%) 73 (28.5%) 8 (13.3%) 84 (26.9%) 0.033
 CCB, n (%) 79 (30.9%) 14 (23.3%) 93 (29.8%) 0.353
 Beta-blocker, n (%) 36 (14.1%) 3 (5.0%) 46 (14.7%) 0.039
 Statins, n (%) 38 (14.8%) 2 (3.3%) 38 (12.2%) 0.041
 Anti-platelet agent, n (%) 68 (26.6%)§ 18 (30.0%) 109 (34.9%) 0.552
Laboratory finding
 Glucose, mg/dL 114.0 ± 36.2 127.1 ± 130.4 107.4 ± 23.9 0.347
 Total cholesterol, mg/dL 179.8 ± 42.2 190.5 ± 40.1 185.8 ± 44.7 0.501
 HDL, mg/dL 46.2 ± 30.2§ 50.8 ± 10.8 52.3 ± 14.9 0.428
 LDL, mg/dL 122.9 ± 34.0§ 110.6 ± 33.5 112.0 ± 34.1 0.580
 Triglyceride, mg/dL 169.0 ± 108.6§ 126.8 ± 71.2 137.6 ± 125.8 0.440
 hs-CRP, mg/dL 2.20 ± 4.20 1.16 ± 1.32 2.59 ± 7.30 0.040
  1. BMI body mass index, Hx of CAD history of coronary artery disease, CAS coronary artery stenosis, ACEi angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor, ARB angiotensin receptor blocker, CCB calcium channel blocker, WBC white blood cell, LDL low-density lipoprotein, HDL high-density lipoprotein, hs-CRP high sensitive C-reactive protein
  2. *Comparison between pre- and postmenopausal women
  3. §P value < 0.05 comparison between men and women