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Table 1 Lifespan and rate of aging comparisons between females and males in mammals, birds or insects

From: Sex gap in aging and longevity: can sex chromosomes play a role?

  Lifespan Rate of aging References
Female Male Female Male
Mammals
 Primates Sifaka Propithecus verreauxi 24 20 0.0991 0.186 [118]a,b
Northern Muriqui Brachyteles hypoxanthus 27 27 0.129 0.148 [118]a,b
Capuchin Cebus capucinus 20 13 0.165 0.294 [118]a,b
Yellow Baboon Papio cynocephalus 28 23 0.123 0.213 [118]a,b
Chimpanzee Pan troglodytes 39 41 0.0992 0.137 [118]a,b
Gorilla Gorilla beringei 39 35 0.211 0.182 [118]a,b
Mandrill Mandrillus sphinx 22.23 12.70 [35]d
Rhesus macaque Macaca mulatta 9.44 5.51 [35]d
Japanese macaque Macaca fuscata 7.33 4.30 [35]d
Gelada Theropithecus gelada 9.62 7.60 [35]d
 Carnivora Ringed seal Phoca hispida 37 40 0.056 0.057 [119]a,c
African wild dog Lycaon pictus 3.29 3.66 [35]d
Southern elephant seal Mirounga leonina 4.18 3.12 [35]d
 Rodentia Black-tailed prairie dog Cynomys ludovicianus 2.80 1.74 [35]d
North American beaver Castor canadensis 2.93 2.75 [35]d
 Perrisodactyla Burchell’s zebra Equus burchelli 49 55 0.106 0.094 [119]a,c
 Artiodactyla Impala Aepyceros melampus 6 6 [37]e
Gaur Bos gaurus 11 6 [37]e
Wild goat Capra aegagrus 3.75 2.5 [37]e
Alpine ibex Capra ibex 12 12.5 [37]e
Iberian ibex Capra pyrenaica 6 5 [37]e
Wildebeeste Connochaetes taurinus 5.5 5 [37]e
Topi Damaliscus lunatus 3.5 3.5 [37]e
Topi Damaliscus lunatus 6 6 0.326 0.311 [119]a,c
Defassa Waterbuck Kobus defassa 8 8 [37]e
Lechwe Kobus leche 6 6 [37]e
Mountain goat Oreamnos americanus 9 4 [37]e
Mountain goat Oreamnos americanus 8.18 5.82 [35]d
Soay sheep Ovis aries 2 2 [37]e
Soay sheep Ovis aries 5.13 3.12 [35]d
Bighorn sheep Ovis canadensis 7.5 5 [37]e
Dall Mountain Sheep Ovis dalli 9.5 11 [37]e
Dall Mountain Sheep Ovis dalli 13 13 0.118 0.170 [119]a,c
Isard Rupicapra pyre ica 11 12 [37]e
Chamois Rupicapra rupicapra 7 6.5 [37]e
African buffalo Syncerus caffer 11 11 [37]e
African buffalo Syncerus caffer 16 22 0.143 0.084 [119]a,c
African buffalo Syncerus caffer 7.36 7.38 [35]d
Greater kudu Tragelaphus strepsiceros 8 4 [37]e
Moose Alces alces 7 3.5 [37]e
Roe deer Capreolus capreolus 8.25 5 [37]e
Roe deer Capreolus capreolus 7.91 5.01 [35]d
Elk Cervus canadensis 18 8 [37]e
Elk Cervus elaphus canadensis 16.05 7.64 [35]d
Red deer Cervus elaphus 10 7 [37]e
Red deer Cervus elaphus 10.6 8.0 [35]d
Sika deer Cervus nippon 11 8 [37]e
Black-tailed deer Odocoileus hemionus columbianus 5 3 [37]e
Reindeer Rangifer tarandus 6.5 4.5 [37]e
Reindeer Rangifer tarandus 16 11 0.111 0.212 [119]a,c
Reindeer Rangifer tarandus 4.63 2.18 [35]d
 Cetacea Common bottlenose dolphin Tursiops truncatus 12.34 9.74 [35]d
Birds
 Accipitriformes Osprey Pandion haliaetus 6.59 6.48 [35]d
 Anseriformes Tundra swan Cygnus columbianus 27 32 0.101 0.079 [119]a,b
Tundra swan Cygnus columbianus 5.60 6.94 [35]d
Barnacle goose Branta leucopsis 7.00 7.80  
 Ciconiiformes Black-legged kittiwake Rissa tridactyla > 12 > 12 0.074 0.069 [119]a,b
Black-legged kittiwake Rissa tridactyla 6.56 5.24 [35]d
 Passeriformes European pied flycatcher Ficedula hypoleuca 7 7 0.235 0.241 [119]a,b
Great tit Parus major 7 7 0.233 0.242 [119]a,b
Arabian babbler Tursoides squamiceps 6 7 0.225 0.211 [119]a,b
Arabian babbler Turdoides squamiceps 2.95 4.30 [35]d
Florida scrub jay Aphelocoma caerulescens 4.82 4.52 [35]d
 Galliformes Black grouse Tetrao tetrix 3.81 2.53 [35]d
 Piciformes Acorn woodpecker Melanerpes formicivorus 3.08 4.30 [35]d
Insects
 Lepidoptera Edith’s checkerspot Euphydryas editha 2.0208 2.7086 [120]c
Japanese luehdorfia Luehdorfia japonica 1.8337 1.8556 [120]c
Myrtil Maniola jurtina 0.2994 1.4000 [120]b,c
Japanese clouded Apollo Parnassius glacialis 3.2305 2.2751 [120]c
Mormon Fritillary Speyeria mormonia 1.6364 1.6837 [120]c
 Odonata Small red damselfly Ceriagrion tenellum 0.065 0.045 [121]b
Bluets Enallagma hageni 0.153 0.143 [121]b
Azure damselfly Coenagrion puella 0.088 0.111 [121]b
  1. We limited our literature search to comparative studies including sex-specific lifespan or rate of aging estimates in natural populations of mammals, birds or insects. In bold, the sex with the longest lifespan or the steepest rate of aging
  2. a Lifespan measured as maximum longevity
  3. b Rate of aging measured as Gompertz rate of aging
  4. c Rate of aging measured as Weibull rate of aging
  5. d Lifespan measured as life expectancy at reaching adulthood
  6. e Lifespan measured as the age when 50% of a cohort was still alive