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Table 3 General characteristics of IRB protocols

From: Inclusion of sex and gender in biomedical research: survey of clinical research proposed at the University of Pennsylvania

  Number of protocols N (%)
  (n = 240)
Population proposed for investigation
 Males 8 (3.3)
 Females 26 (10.8)
 Both 205 (85.4)
 Not applicable 1 (0.4)
Type of IRB review
 Full 209 (87.1)
 Expedited 26 (10.8)
 Exempt 5 (2.1)
Type of data to be studied
 New data 231 (96.3)
 Existing population database 9 (3.8)
Funding source
 No funding 57 (23.8)
 National Institutes of Health 30 (12.5)
 Foundation 15 (6.3)
 Penn Internal Grant or Funds 12 (5.0)
 Pharmaceutical 91 (37.9)
 Other funding 42 (17.5)
Mention of keywords
 Mention “sex” or “gender” 45 (18.8)
 Mention “male,” “female,” “men,” or “women” 155 (64.6)
 Mention at least one of the following: “sex,” “gender,” “male,” “female,” “men,” and “women” 165 (68.8)
Area of investigation
 Behavioral/neurological/psychological 46 (19.2)
 Medicine 70 (29.2)
 Surgery 35 (14.6)
 Oncology 73 (30.4)
 Obstetrics and gynecology 9 (3.8)
 Genetics 4 (1.7)
 Pediatrics 3 (1.3)
Location of keywords within protocol
  (n = 165)
 Objectives 17 (10.3)
 Background 19 (11.5)
 Study design 12 (7.3)
 Populations 32 (19.4)
 Inclusions/exclusions 142 (86.1)
 Procedures 8 (4.8)
 Other 6 (3.6)