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Table 2 Plasma metabolite measurements *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001. Data are presented as mean ± SEM

From: Bariatric surgery emphasizes biological sex differences in rodent hepatic lipid handling

Metabolite Female Male 2-Way ANOVA Statistics
Sham VSG Sham VSG
Triglycerides (mg/dl) 339 ± 44 107 ± 21 439 ± 55 153 ± 27 p (surgery) < 0.05
Cholesterol (mg/dl) 91 ± 4 87 ± 3 71 ± 4 62 ± 5 p (sex) < 0.001
β-Hydroxybutyrate (ng/ml) 1.5 ± 0.1 1.5 ± 0.1 1.9 ± 0.1 1.7 ± 0.2 NS
NEFA (mEq/L) 1.8 ± 0.1 1.6 ± 0.1 2.3 ± 0.1 1.9 ± 0.1 p (sex) < 0.001; p (surgery) < 0.01
Total bile acids (μM/L) 23 ± 3 93 ± 19 13 ± 5 45 ± 9 p (sex) < 0.001; p (surgery) < 0.05
Fat absorption (%) 93 ± 2 82 ± 5 90 ± 4 82 ± 3 p (surgery) < 0.01
Estradiol (pg/ml) 70 ± 11 39 ± 4 28 ± 2 20 ± 3 p (sex) < 0.001; p (surgery) < 0.01
Progesterone (ng/ml) 6.4 ± 1.5 4.9 ± 0.6 ND ND NS