Skip to main content

Table 2 Plasma fatty acids for guinea pigs maintained on control, high-PUFA, or high-SFA diets

From: Sex-specific effects of dietary fatty acids on saliva cortisol and social behavior in guinea pigs under different social environmental conditions

Fatty acid Sex Diet
Control PUFA SFA
C 12:0 Male 0.06 ± 0.01 a 0.09 ± 0.00 a 2.95 ± 0.68 b #
Female 0.06 ± 0.02 a 0.07 ± 0.02 a 1.27 ± 0.36 b #
C 14:0 Male 0.50 ± 0.05 a 0.49 ± 0.04 a 5.72 ± 0.48 b #
Female 0.93 ± 0.08 a 0.59 ± 0.04 a 4.64 ± 0.61 b #
C 16:0 Male 14.51 ± 0.60 ab # 13.17 ± 0.46 a 15.58 ± 0.29 b
Female 17.12 ± 0.23 a# 12.70 ± 0.39 b 16.80 ± 0.49 a
C 18:0 Male 12.69 ± 0.30 a # 9.15 ± 0.28 b # 10.09 ± 0.31 b
Female 10.09 ± 0.52 a # 6.84 ± 0.41 b # 9.05 ± 0.40 a
C 18.1 n-9 Male 14.85 ± 1.44 a 11.75 ± 0.46 b 12.03 ± 0.23 b
Female 15.53 ± 0.46 a 12.85 ± 0.70 b 12.49 ± 0.59 b
C 18:2 n-6 Male 42.91 ± 1.51 a 48.81 ± 0.98 b 39.95 ± 0.90 a
Female 39.77 ± 1.00 a 49.13 ± 0.86 b 41.73 ± 0.60 a
C 18:3 n-3 Male 5.33 ± 0.33 a 6.46 ± 0.14 b # 4.79 ± 0.20 a
Female 6.02 ± 0.22 a 7.71 ± 0.14 b # 4.47 ± 0.36 c
Total n-9 Male 15.52 ± 1.50 a 14.31 ± 0.30 ab 12.60 ± 0.29 b
Female 16.21 ± 0.47 a 15.42 ± 0.46 ab 13.13 ± 0.58 b
Total n-6 Male 46.38 ± 1.70 a 51.22 ± 0.99 b 42.47 ± 0.94 c
Female 43.09 ± 0.93 a 51.41 ± 0.90 b 44.62 ± 0.67 a
Total n-3 Male 5.77 ± 0.32 a 6.82 ± 0.13 b # 5.14 ± 0.20 a
Female 6.64 ± 0.24 a 8.12 ± 0.45 b # 4.95 ± 0.36 c
Total SFA Male 30.70 ± 0.50 a 26.28 ± 0.88 b 38.13 ± 1.14 c #
Female 31.67 ± 0.74 a 23.74 ± 0.91 b 35.31 ± 0.81 c #
Total MUFA Male 17.06 ± 1.45 a 15.59 ± 0.33 ab 14.14 ± 0.32 b
Female 18.51 ± 0.50 a 16.66 ± 0.49 ab 15.03 ± 0.63 b
Total PUFA Male 52.24 ± 1.67 a 58.12 ± 0.96 b 47.73 ± 0.94 c
Female 49.82 ± 1.08 a 59.60 ± 0.89 b 49.66 ± 0.55 a
n-6 : n-3 ratio Male 8.33 ± 0.72 # 7.55 ± 0.24 8.38 ± 0.38
Female 6.55 ± 0.22 a # 6.57 ± 0.51 a 9.59 ± 0.88 b
  1. Values for single types of fatty acids represent percentages on total fatty acids. Different superscript letters indicate significant differences between the dietary treatments within the sexes (p ≤ 0.05). #Significant difference between the sexes within the dietary treatments (p ≤ 0.05)