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Fig. 5 | Biology of Sex Differences

Fig. 5

From: Characterization of osteoarthritic human knees indicates potential sex differences

Fig. 5

Phenotypic characteristics of female and male primary osteoblasts isolated from osteoarthritic knees. Female and male primary osteoblasts were isolated from subchondral bone. mRNAs for 1α,25(OH)2D3 (VDR (a) and PDIA3 (b)) and estrogen receptors ERα66 (ERα (c)) and ERα36 (d) were measured using real-time qPCR. Data are the mean ± SEM of 6 males and 6 females. * p < 0.05 vs. minimal fibrillation; p < 0.05 vs. male

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