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Table 2 Demographic characteristics of U.S. adults aged 45 years and older by sex, 2015–2018

From: Overall and sex-specific risk factors for subjective cognitive decline: findings from the 2015–2018 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey

Characteristic Frequency2 (%3) p-value1
Men Women Total
Sex 88,216 (46.30) 128,622 (53.70) 216,838 (100.00)
Age < 0.0001
 45–49 8,787 (14.21) 11,066 (12.62) 19,853 (13.36)  
 50–54 11,050 (17.42) 14,662 (16.62) 25,712 (16.99)  
 55–59 12,894 (15.96) 17,573 (14.76) 30,467 (15.32)  
 60–64 14,285 (16.09) 19,570 (15.79) 33,855 (15.93)  
 65–69 14,501 (13.00) 20,043 (12.53) 34,544 (12.75)  
 70–74 10,605 (9.70) 16,215 (10.08) 26,820 (9.90)  
 75–79 7,152 (6.65) 11,997 (7.92) 19,149 (7.33)  
 80 or older 8,069 (6.97) 15,665 (9.68) 23,734 (8.42)  
Race/ethnicity 0.028
 White 69,410 (75.14) 100,092 (75.49) 169,502 (75.33)  
 Black 6048 (10.86) 11,446 (11.23) 17,494 (11.06)  
 Hispanic 5127 (8.65) 7974 (8.54) 13,101 (8.59)  
 Asian/Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander 2154 (2.60) 2604 (2.35) 4758 (2.46)  
 American Indian/Alaskan Native 1282 (1.01) 1680 (0.89) 2962 (0.94)  
 Multiracial 2101 (1.34) 2552 (1.17) 4653 (1.25)  
 Other 503 (0.41) 510 (0.32) 1013 (0.36)  
Marital status < 0.0001
 Married 55,354 (65.61) 62,710 (55.53) 118,064 (60.21)  
 Divorced/separated 14,862 (16.83) 24,232 (18.01) 39,094 (17.46)  
 Widowed 7659 (6.87) 29,886 (18.14) 37,545 (12.92)  
 Never married 8291 (8.62) 9116 (6.61) 17,407 (7.54)  
 Member of an unmarried couple 1625 (2.06) 1848 (1.71) 3473 (1.87)  
Income < 0.0001
 Less than $15,000 6791 (9.50) 13,779 (12.80) 20,570 (11.21)  
 $15,000 to less than $25,000 10,935 (14.94) 19,679 (18.50) 30,614 (16.78)  
 $25,000 to less than $35,000 7829 (9.73) 12,211 (10.91) 20,040 (10.34)  
 $35,000 to less than $50,000 11,265 (13.87) 14,972 (13.65) 26,237 (13.76)  
 $50,000 or more 40,478 (51.96) 42,923 (44.14) 83,401 (47.91)  
Employment status < 0.0001
 Employed for wages 30,405 (39.56) 38,264 (34.47) 68,669 (36.82)  
 Self-employed 10,197 (11.50) 7285 (5.61) 17,482 (8.34)  
 Out of work 3161 (4.57) 3891 (3.77) 7052 (4.14)  
 A homemaker 219 (0.31) 11,531 (10.77) 11,750 (5.93)  
 A student 120 (0.11) 326 (0.31) 446 (0.22)  
 Retired 36,437 (34.39) 54,246 (34.41) 90,683 (34.40)  
 Unable to work 7197 (9.57) 12,365 (10.65) 19,562 (10.15)  
Veteran status < 0.0001
 Veteran 31,046 (30.04) 2701 (2.11) 33,747 (15.03)  
 Not a veteran 57,006 (69.96) 125,850 (97.89) 182,856 (84.97)  
Subjective Cognitive Decline^ 0.021
 Yes 9766 (11.15) 13,239 (10.60) 23,005 (10.86)  
 No 78,450 (88.85) 115,383 (89.40) 193,833 (89.14)  
  1. Data aggregated from U.S. Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, 2015–2018; estimates were weighted and adjusted for complex survey design
  2. 1Chi-square test measuring association between gender and demographic characteristics
  3. 2Unweighted frequency
  4. 3Weighted column or row percentage
  5. All race/ethnicity categories are non-Hispanic, unless otherwise noted
  6. ^Experienced confusion or memory loss during the past 12 months that is happening more often or is getting worse (‘Yes’); otherwise (‘No’)