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Table 3 Correlation of the sex-specific biomarkers and the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) stage in the COVID-19 patients

From: Predicting respiratory failure in patients infected by SARS-CoV-2 by admission sex-specific biomarkers

Admission biomarkers for female patients
Moderate / severe ARDS (at admission) Deteriorated ARDS (during hospitalization)
↓ Lymphocytes counts ↑ Neutrophil counts
↑ Neutrophil counts ↑ D-Dimer plasma levels
↑ Ferritin plasma levels ↑ Ferritin plasma levels
  ↓ Ang1-7 plasma levels
Admission biomarkers for male patients
Moderate / severe ARDS (at admission) Deteriorated ARDS (during hospitalization)
↓ Lymphocytes counts ↓ Lymphocytes counts
↑ Ferritin plasma levels ↑ D-Dimer plasma levels
↑ D-Dimer plasma levels ↑ Ferritin plasma levels
↓ Testosterone plasma levels ↓ Testosterone plasma levels
  1. Biomarkers specific only for female or male patients are indicated in bold