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Table 1 Participant characteristics

From: Testosterone and depressive symptoms during the late menopause transition

Baseline characteristics
 Age, mean (SD) 49.8 (2.6)
 Years of education, mean (SD) 13.2 (5.8)
 Education level, (%)
  High school diploma 22%
  Some university 33%
  Undergraduate degree 29%
  Graduate degree 16%
 Family income, mean (SD), 10K
  < $70,000 17%
  $70,000–89,999 19%
  $90,000–112,999 15%
  ≥ $113,000 43%
  No response 6%
 Ethnicity, (%)
  Caucasian 86%
  Black 2%
  Hispanic 4%
  Others 8%
 Months since LMP, mean (SD) 2.2 (1.7)
 Baseline STRAW status (%)
  Early perimenopause 34%
  Late perimenopause 66%
 STRAW status at the end of phase 1 (%)
  Early perimenopause 8%
  Late perimenopause 84%
  Early postmenopause 5%
 Body mass index (BMI; kg/m2) 29.4 (6.5)
  Overweight (25 ≤ BMI < 29.9 kg/m2) 38%
  Obese (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2) 36%
 Smoking status (%)
  Never smokers 57%
  Past smokers 34%
  Current smokers 10%
 History of major depression (%) 38%
Weekly variables
 CES-D score, mean (SD) 12.0 (8.0)
 Number of hot flashes, mean (SD)
  Mild 1.9 (1.1)
  Moderate 1.7 (1.0)
  Severe 1.4 (1.0)
 Sleep quality score, mean (SD) 2.3 (0.9)
 E1G, mean (SD), pg/ml 39,624 (19,809)
 Testosterone, mean (SD), pg/ml 2113 (1295)
 Testosterone-to-E1G ratio, mean (SD) 0.068 (0.055)
  1. Abbreviations: LMP last menstrual period, MDD major depressive disorder