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Table 3 Odds ratio with 95% confidence interval for the association between VFA-to-LMM ratio and hyperuricemia according to sex

From: The visceral fat area to leg muscle mass ratio is significantly associated with the risk of hyperuricemia among women: a cross-sectional study

Quartiles of VFA-to-LMM ratio Model 1a Model 2 Model 3 Model 4
Male
 Quartile 1 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref)
 Quartile 2 1.25 (0.86, 1.82) 1.21 (0.83, 1.77) 0.91 (0.60, 1.36) 0.75 (0.49, 1.15)
 Quartile 3 1.58 (1.09, 2.31) 1.51 (1.03, 2.21) 1.03 (0.67, 1.57) 0.79 (0.50, 1.25)
 Quartile 4 2.73 (1.89, 3.95) 2.49 (1.70, 3.65) 1.60 (1.03, 2.49) 0.97 (0.55, 1.70)
 P for trendb < .0001 < .0001 0.0180 0.9563
Female
 Quartile 1 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref) 1.00 (ref)
 Quartile 2 2.66 (1.23, 6.42) 2.58 (1.19, 6.23) 2.13 (0.96, 5.21) 1.68 (0.75, 4.17)
 Quartile 3 5.20 (2.55, 12.10) 4.95 (2.41, 11.54) 3.74 (1.75, 8.95) 2.42 (1.09, 6.01)
 Quartile 4 8.25 (4.05, 19.14) 7.37 (3.59, 17.24) 5.22 (2.44, 12.56) 2.57 (1.06, 6.77)
 P for trend < .0001 < .0001 < .0001 0.0454
  1. Values are ORs (95% CIs) unless otherwise indicated. VFA, visceral fat area; LMM, leg muscle mass.
  2. aModel 1: adjusted for age; model 2: adjusted for age, smoking status (for men), menopause status (for women), drinking status, exercise frequency, and history of diseases (hypertension and diabetes); model 3: additionally adjusted for systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, alanine aminotransferase, fasting plasma glucose, total cholesterol, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and creatinine; model 4: adjusted for model 3 + BMI
  3. bP values for linear trends were calculated using the median value of quartiles of VFA-to-LMM ratio