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Table 2 Characteristics of subjects according to quartiles of VFA-to-LMM ratio

From: The visceral fat area to leg muscle mass ratio is significantly associated with the risk of hyperuricemia among women: a cross-sectional study

Variables of interest Quartiles of VFA-to-LMM ratio P for Trenda
Q1 Q2 Q3 Q4
Men
 No. of subjects 367 365 369 368  
 BMI, kg/m2 22.6 ± 2.4 25.2 ± 2.2 26.1 ± 2.1 29.0 ± 3.1 < .0001
 FPG, mmol/L 5.1 (4.8, 5.5) c 5.2 (4.9, 5.6) 5.4 (5.0, 5.9) 5.6 (5.1, 6.6) < .0001
 TG, mmol/L 1.0 (0.7, 1.4) 1.3 (1.0, 1.7) 1.5 (1.1, 2.1) 1.7 (1.2, 2.3) < .0001
 LDL-C, mmol/L 2.5 ± 0.5 2.7 ± 0.5 2.7 ± 0.5 2.8 ± 0.6 < .0001
 HDL-C, mmol/L 1.4 ± 0.3 1.3 ± 0.2 1.3 ± 0.2 1.3 ± 0.2 < .0001
 Uric acid, μmol/L 355.6 ± 68.8 363.6 ± 75.2 366.0 ± 74.4 378.0 ± 77.3 < .0001
Women
 No. of subjects 481 482 480 481  
 BMI, kg/m2 20.0 ± 1.8 22.0 ± 2.1 23.9 ± 2.2 26.6 ± 3.1 < .0001
 FPG, mmol/L 4.9 (4.7, 5.2) 5.1 (4.8, 5.4) 5.1 (4.9, 5.5) 5.4 (5.0, 6.0) < .0001
 TG, mmol/L 0.8 (0.6, 1.0) 0.9 (0.7, 1.3) 1.1 (0.8, 1.5) 1.4 (1.0, 1.9) < .0001
 LDL-C, mmol/L 2.5 ± 0.5 2.6 ± 0.5 2.8 ± 0.6 3.0 ± 0.7 < .0001
 HDL-C, mmol/L 1.7 ± 0.3 1.6 ± 0.3 1.5 ± 0.3 1.5 ± 0.3 < .0001
 Uric acid, μmol/L 248.8 ± 47.1 263.4 ± 52.1 276.1 ± 58.7 301.3 ± 64.8 < .0001
  1. BMI body mass index, SBP systolic blood pressure, DBP diastolic blood pressure, FPG fasting plasma glucose, LMM leg muscle mass, TC total cholesterol, TG triglycerides, LDL-C low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, HDL-C high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, VFA visceral fat area
  2. Continuous variables are expressed as means ± standard deviation (SD) and categorical variables are expressed as percentages unless otherwise indicated
  3. aP for liner trends are calculated by analysis of variance (for continuous variables) or Cochran-Armitage (for categorical variables)
  4. bData are expressed as medians (interquartile range)