Skip to main content

Table 2 Clinical symptoms and biomarkers at admission

From: Clinical characteristics and outcomes in women and men hospitalized for coronavirus disease 2019 in New Orleans

  All (N [%]) Women (N [%]) Men (N [%]) P value
Clinical symptoms
 Fever 436 (59.3) 223 (57.3) 210 (61.6) 0.24
 Headache 39 (5.3) 25 (6.4) 13 (3.8) 0.11
 Nausea/vomiting 154 (21) 99 (25.5) 54 (15.8) 0.001
 Diarrhea 187 (25.4) 104 (26.7) 80 (24.5) 0.31
 Digestive symptoms (nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea) 269 (36.6) 153 (39.3) 112 (32.8) 0.06
 Abdominal pain 65 (8.8) 37 (9.5) 28 (8.2) 0.54
 Rhinorrhea 28 (3.8) 18 (4.6) 10 (2.9) 0.23
 Sore throat 47 (6.4) 25 (6.4) 21 (6.2) 0.88
 Cough (productive) 125 (17) 62 (16) 63 (18.5) 0.36
 Cough (no-productive) 329 (44.8) 184 (47.3) 143 (41.9) 0.15
 Chest tightness or pain 99 (13.5) 53 (13.6) 46 (13.5) 0.95
 Dyspnea 422 (57.4) 238 (61.2) 183 (53.7) 0.04
 Anosmia 18 (2.5) 10 (2.6) 8 (2.4) 0.84
 Ageusia 25 (3.4) 13 (3.3) 12 (3.5) 0.9
 Myalgia 203 (27.7) 115 (29.6) 87 (25.5) 0.21
 Confusion 127 (17.3) 65 (16.7) 62 (18.2) 0.6
 Fatigue 237 (32.3) 139 (35.7) 97 (28.5) 0.03
Biomarkers
 ALT > 56 U/L a (n = 729) 204 (278) 54 (21.4) 88 (36.8) 0.0002
 AST >40 U/L b (n = 727) 192 (26.4) 47 (18.7) 88 (36.9) < 0.0001
 CRP > 3 mg/L c (n = 641) 632 (98.6) 270 (98.2) 264 (97.8) 0.73
 D-dimer > 0.5 mg/L (n = 541) 486 (89.8) 147 (63.1) 131 (57.2) 0.2
 Ferritin > 300 ng/mL (n = 640) 437 (68.3) 163 (58.8) 199 (75.4) < 0.0001
 Glucose ≥ 140 mg/dL (n = 598) 286 (48.6) 153 (47.7) 130 (49.1) 0.74
 A1c > 5.7% (n = 262) 262 (83.7) 163 (80.7) 143 (78.1) 0.53
 LDH ≥ 220 U/Ld (n = 629) 522 (83) 226 (81.3) 213 (82.9) 0.63
 Procalcitonin ≥ 0.1 ng/mL (n = 494) 423 (85.6) 98 (56.7) 112 (69.6) 0.01
 Troponin ≥ 0.04 ng/ml (n = 549) 121 (22) 62 (29.7) 53 (28.3) 0.77
 NT-Pro BNP > 400 pg/ml e (n = 603) 178 (29.5) 39 (41.5) 27 (38) 0.65
 WBC count < 4.0 × 103/uL f (n = 732) 71 (9.7) 20 (9.4) 22 (11.2) 0.55
 Lymphocytes < 1.0 × 103/uL (n = 732) 304 (41.5) 74 (36.8) 86 (46.5) 0.06
 Platelets < 150 × 103/uL (n = 733) 121 (16.5) 36 (17.9) 35 (18.9) 0.8
 Neutrophils > 1.8 × 103/uL (n = 732) 709 (96.9) 199 (99.5) 182 (100) 0.34
 NLR>6 g (n = 732) 275 (37.6) 125 (32.1) 147 (43.4) 0.001
 Monocytes > 1.0 × 103/uL (n = 732) 104 (14.2) 27 (12.8) 37 (18.9) 0.09
  1. aALT alanine aminotransferase
  2. bAST aspartate aminotransferase
  3. c CRP C-reactive protein
  4. dLDH lactate dehydrogenase
  5. eNT-Pro BNP N-terminal pro b-type natriuretic peptide
  6. fWBC white blood cell counts
  7. gNLR neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio