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Table 1 Sex differences in steroid hormone receptor expression profile in the CNS

From: Neuroprotective and neurotoxic outcomes of androgens and estrogens in an oxidative stress environment

Receptor Structure Female: male expression Citation
Androgen receptor—N terminal domain
  Bed nucleus stria terminalis (adult, rat) Male [28]
Cortex (PD 28 and adult, mice) No difference [29, 30]
Hippocampus (PD 28, mice) Male [29]
Hypothalamus (adult, mice) Male [30]
Lateral septum (adult, mice) Male [31]
Mammillary nucleus (adult, human) Male [32]
Medial preoptic area (adult, mice) Male [31]
Periventricular nucleus (adult, rat) Male [28]
Spinal motor neurons (adult, rat) No difference [33]
Substantia nigra pars Compacta (PD 30, rat) No difference [34]
Substantia nigra pars reticulata (PD 30, rat) Female [34]
Estrogen receptor α
  Cortex (PD 28, mice) Male [29]
Hippocampus (PD 28, mice) No difference [29]
Hypothalamus (adult, mice) Female [35]
Substantia nigra pars compacta (PD 30, rat) No difference [34]
Substantia nigra pars reticulata (PD 30, rat) Female [34]
Estrogen receptor β
  Cortex (PD 28, mice) Female [29]
Hippocampus (PD 28, mice) Female [29]
Substantia nigra pars compacta (PD 30, rat) Female [34]
Substantia nigra pars reticulata (PD 30, rat) No difference [34]