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Table 2 Echocardiography characteristics of patients in the MEDIA-DHF cohort according to sex

From: Sex differences in circulating proteins in heart failure with preserved ejection fraction

Echocardiographic variables, mean ± SD Global (N = 392) Male (N = 142) Female (N = 250) p value % of missing values
LVEF, % 60.8 ± 7.0 60.5 ± 6.9 61.0 ± 7.0 0.54 0
E/e’ 13.3 ± 5.2 12.6 ± 4.6 13.7 ± 5.4 0.057 7
PASP, mmHg 34.8 ± 12.7 34.9 ± 15.0 34.8 ± 11.4 0.97 25
TAPSE, cm 20.5 ± 4.8 21.0 ± 5.4 20.2 ± 4.4 0.13 10
E/A 1.3 ± 0.9 1.4 ± 1.0 1.2 ± 0.8 0.033 30
LDEVi 43.8 ± 14.0 48.3 ± 14.4 41.1 ± 13.1 < 0.001 4
LDESi 17.4 ± 7.3 19.6 ± 7.5 16.2 ± 6.7 < 0.001 6
LAVI, ml/m2 43.8 ± 15.8 45.0 ± 16.6 43.1 ± 15.4 0.27 3
  1. Legend: LVEF left ventricular ejection fraction, E/e’ the ratio of mitral inflow velocity and early mitral annulus velocity, PASP pulmonary artery systolic pressure, TAPSE tricuspidal annular plane systolic excursion, E/A ratio of the early (E) to late (A) ventricular filling velocities, LVEDVi left ventricular end-diastolic volume index, LVESVi left ventricular end-systolic volume index, LAVI left atrial volume index, IQR interquartile range, SD standard deviation
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