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Table 3 Sex-stratified correlation analyses exploring the association between psychometric scales and hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis measures

From: Sex-specific association between the cortisol awakening response and obsessive-compulsive symptoms in healthy individuals

Men (N = 80)
 Number of SLEsHRSRS stress scorePSS total scoreSTAI-state anxietySTAI-trait anxietyCARDiurnal cortisol slopeDSTR
Number of SLEs10.835**0.1630.1090.0800.300**0.210− 0.133
HRSRS stress score0.835**10.073− 0.001− 0.0590.290*0.225− 0.147
PSS total score0.1630.07310.595**0.603**0.1330.202− 0.145
STAI-state anxiety0.109− 0.0010.595**10.624**− 0.0910.012− 0.066
STAI-trait anxiety0.080− 0.0590.603**0.624**10.1290.2190.164
CAR0.300**0.290*0.133− 0.0910.12910.332**− 0.064
Diurnal cortisol slope0.2100.2250.2020.0120.2190.332**10.043
DSTR− 0.133− 0.147− 0.145− 0.0660.164− 0.0640.0431
OCI-R total score0.180−0.0310.238*0.235*0.445**0.1100.1850.019
OCI-R washing0.242*− 0.0120.298**0.310**0.406**0.2070.241*− 0.063
OCI-R checking0.073− 0.1400.352**0.329**0.464**0.1180.0040.037
OCI-R ordering0.162− 0.0220.1530.1940.352**0.0620.1350.056
OCI-R obsessing0.070− 0.0230.235*0.246*0.402**0.1710.163− 0.046
OCI-R hoarding0.1460.0350.0600.0150.1640.1510.255*− 0.186
OCI-R neutralizing0.292**0.0450.2070.232*0.381**0.1050.149− 0.039
Women (N = 103)
 Number of SLEsHRSRS stress scorePSS total scoreSTAI-state anxietySTAI-trait anxietyCARDiurnal cortisol slopeDSTR
Number of SLEs10.832**0.120− 0.184− 0.0030.0910.045− 0.078
HRSRS stress score0.832**10.248*0.0160.254*0.0920.080− 0.013
PSS total score0.1200.248*10.495**0.630**− 0.0670.0510.074
STAI-state anxiety− 0.1840.0160.495**10.611**0.013− 0.0580.088
STAI-trait anxiety− 0.0030.254*0.630**0.611**1− 0.147− 0.0170.130
CAR0.0910.092− 0.0670.013− 0.14710.381**0.148
Diurnal cortisol slope0.0450.0800.051− 0.058− 0.0170.381**10.151
DSTR− 0.078− 0.0130.0740.0880.1300.1480.1511
OCI-R total score0.1280.270*0.354**0.1310.470**− 0.176− 0.013− 0.036
OCI-R washing0.0660.0850.1000.0190.224*0.0190.0430.057
OCI-R checking0.0420.1630.239*− 0.0690.323**− 0.120− 0.0310.046
OCI-R ordering0.0870.277**0.311**0.1850.352**− 0.220*− 0.046− 0.127
OCI-R obsessing− 0.0850.0050.455**0.224*0.561**− 0.1960.1100.095
OCI-R hoarding0.232*0.298**0.168− 0.0140.232*0.0010.021− 0.032
OCI-R neutralizing0.0650.238*0.406**0.1450.459**− 0.1380.007− 0.019
  1. Pearson’s correlation coefficients are shown. Significant results are marked with an asterisk (*p < 0.05; **p < 0.01)
  2. Abbreviations: SLEs stressful life events, HRSRS Holmes-Rahe Social Readjustment Scale, STAI State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, CAR cortisol awakening response, DSTR dexamethasone suppression test ratio, OCI-R Obsessive-Compulsive Inventory—Revised.
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