Skip to main content

Table 1 Demographic and clinical characteristics of study participants by sex (N = 165)

From: Sex differences in brain activation patterns with mental stress in patients with coronary artery disease

  Women Men P
(n = 53) (n = 112)
Demography
 Age, y ± SD 61.2 ± 7.7 62.3 ± 8.7 0.42
 African-American, % 29 (55) 32 (29) 0.001
 Education (high school) 12 (23) 33 (29) 0.36
Clinical Characteristics and Lifestyle Factors
 BMI, ± SD 31.2 ± 7.4 29.5 ± 5.2 0.09
 Current major depressive episode, SCID, % 17 (32) 24 (22) 0.16
 Lifetime major depression, SCID, % 31 (58) 37 (33) 0.002
 Abnormal angiogram 37 (76) 66 (60) 0.06
 Abnormal nuclear test 7 (14) 14 (13) 0.79
 Abnormal exercise test, % 9 (18) 13 (12) 0.27
 Diabetes, % 19 (36) 38 (34) 0.81
 Dyslipidemia, % 40 (75) 96 (86) 0.11
 Heart Failure, % 14 (26) 12 (11) 0.01
 Hypertension, % 40 (75) 85 (76) 0.95
 MI History, % 16 (30) 47 (42) 0.15
 MSI, % 9 (17) 35 (31) 0.05
 Smoking History
  Current Smoker, % 7 (14) 16 (15) 0.31
  Former Smoker, % 21 (43) 60 (54)  
  Never Smoker, % 21 (38) 34 (31)  
Medication Use
 ACE Inhibitors, % 21 (40) 52 (47) 0.38
 Antidepressants, % 26 (50) 29 (26) 0.003
 Aspirin, % 45 (85) 96 (86) 0.78
 Beta Blockers, % 45 (85) 77 (69) 0.03
 Diuretics, % 24 (45) 26 (23) 0.004
 Statins, % 41 (84) 99 (91) 0.19
 Vasodilators, % 5 (9) 12 (11) 0.79
  1. Abbreviations: SPECT single photon emission computed tomography, MSI mental stress ischemia, BMI body mass index, SCID Structured Clinical Interview for DSM IV, MI myocardial infarction