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Fig. 5 | Biology of Sex Differences

Fig. 5

From: Sex differences in stress and immune responses during confinement in Antarctica

Fig. 5

Cytokine release after stimulation with fungal antigens from lithium-heparinized blood. a Interferon γ (IFN-γ); female n = 9–10; male n = 16. b Interleukin 10 (IL-10); female n = 5–6; male n = 11. c Interleukin 2 (IL-2); female n = 9–10; male n = 16. d TNF (tumor necrosis factor); female n = 9–10; male n = 16; data are means ± SEM; units are pg/ml. BDC baseline data collection; PDC, post data collection; #, significant difference between male and female; +, significant difference to BDC in males; *, significant difference to BDC in females

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