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Table 3 Prevalence ratios of pre-hypertension and hypertension based on JNC-VII guideline in adolescents aged 15–19 years: SuRFNCD 2007–2011

From: National trends of pre-hypertension and hypertension among Iranian adolescents across urban and rural areas (2007–2011)

  Urban Rural
Pre-hypertension Hypertension Pre-hypertension Hypertension
Model 1a Girls Reference Reference Reference Reference
Boys 2.06(1.65–2.59) 2.20(1.58–3.07) 1.88(1.58–2.24) 1.73(1.33–2.23)
Model 2a Girls Reference Reference Reference Reference
Boys 2.16(1.68–2.79) 2.40(1.65–3.51) 1.92(1.57–2.34) 1.82(1.36–2.45)
  Girls Boys
Pre-hypertension Hypertension Pre-hypertension Hypertension
Model 1b Urban Reference Reference Reference Reference
Rural 1.32(1.01–1.72) 1.42(0.97–2.08) 0.99(0.78–1.26) 0.65(0.46–0.92)
Model 2b Urban Reference Reference Reference Reference
Rural 1.33(1.01–1.75) 1.41(0.96–2.09) 1.08(0.85–1.38) 0.77(0.53–1.11)
  1. Model 1a: adjusted model for year
  2. Model 1b: adjusted model for year
  3. Model 2a: adjusted model for year, physical activity, and BMI
  4. Model 2b: adjusted model for year, physical activity, and BMI
  5. Reference: Normal group