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Table 1 Sex differences in TS, body composition, physical activity, and psychological outcomes

From: Lean mass mediates the relation between temporal summation of pain and sex in young healthy adults

  Men (n = 21) Women (n = 29)
Mean ± SD Mean ± SD
Age 22.1 ± 3.07 21.2 ± 1.49
TS
 TS temperature (°C) 48.05 ± 1.43 48.20 ± 1.37
 TS heat magnitude 0.90 ± 1.58* 2.09 ± 1.87
Body composition (iDXA)
 BMI 25.28 ± 3.20** 22.48 ± 2.53
 Total fat percentage (%) 22.23 ± 9.22** 30.38 ± 5.09
 A/G ratio 0.95 ± 0.22** 0.78 ± 0.16
 Total lean mass (kg) 60 ± 8.22** 39.93 ± 4.82
 Right arm lean percentage (%) 77.24 ± 8.06** 64.55 ± 4.95
 Right arm fat percentage (%) 19.05 ± 8.71** 32.14 ± 5.42
 Right arm lean mass (kg) 4.22 ± 0.83** 2.10 ± 0.25
 Right arm fat mass (kg) 1.01 ± 0.56 1.02 ± 0.28
Right handgrip strength (kg) 46.10 ± 8.47** 29.79 ± 4.67
Six-min walk test
 Covered distance (m) 639.4 ± 57.06 650.3 ± 36.86
 Pain rating (at the middle) 0.5 ± 1.12 0.48 ± 0.95
 RPE (at the middle) 2.64 ± 1.40 2.35 ± 1.38
 Pain rating (at the end) 1.5 ± 2.15 0.83 ± 1.36
 RPE (at the end) 3.5 ± 1.82 3.12 ± 1.50
Physical activity
 Daily average time in sedentary and light activities (min) 668.89 ± 73.96 707.68 ± 77.58
 Daily average time in MPVA activities (min) 179.77 ± 68.30 186.24 ± 57.42
 Average time in MVPA bout (min) 18.37 ± 3.02 16.64 ± 2.66
 Daily average number of MVPA bouts 8.26 ± 3.28 9.02 ± 2.98
PCS
 Total PCS 13.43 ± 9.3 12.64 ± 8.97
 Helplessness subscale 4.9 ± 4.3 4.5 ± 4.15
 Magnification subscale 5.48 ± 4.08 4.79 ± 3.40
 Rumination subscale 3.05 ± 2.03 3.36 ± 2.25
STAI
 Trait anxiety 33.52 ± 7.36 33.83 ± 8.41
 State anxiety 25.10 ± 5.03 27.04 ± 6.11
  1. TS temporal summation, BMI body mass index, A/G ratio Android/ Gynoid ratio, RPE rate of perceived exertion, MVPA moderate to vigorous physical activity, min minutes, PCS pain catastrophizing scale, STAI the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. Data are presented as mean ± SD
  2. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01