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Table 4 Sex differences in clinical features and risk factors among patients with LAA

From: Sex differences in outcomes and associated factors among stroke patients with small artery occlusion in China

Characteristics Men (n = 1696) Women (n = 828) t/χ2 df P
Age, years, means (SD) 62.79 (11.52) 67.26 (10.38) 16.348 7598 < 0.001
Age group, n (%)    69.098 1 < 0.001
 < 75 years 4171 (81.4) 1808 (73.1)    
 ≥ 75 years 954 (18.6) 667 (26.9)    
OCSP classification, n (%)
 PACI 2927 (57.1) 1509 (61.0) 10.220 1 0.001
 TAPI 279 (5.4) 127 (5.1) 0.323 1 ns
 LACI 20 (0.4) 12 (0.5) 0.356 1 ns
 POCI 1899 (37.1) 827 (33.4) 9.611 1 0.002
Stroke severity, n (%)      
 Mild 3262 (63.7) 1419 (57.3) 28.251 1 < 0.001
 Moderate 1386 (27.0) 752 (30.4) 7.342 1 < 0.001
 Severe 476 (9.3) 304 (12.3) 16.233 1 < 0.001
Risk factors, n (%)
 Hypertension 1278 (75.4) 638 (77.1) 104.860 1 < 0.001
 Diabetes 1576 (30.8) 957 (38.7) 47.060 1 < 0.001
 Atrial fibrillation 181 (3.5) 133 (5.4) 14.297 1 < 0.001
 Obesity 471 (9.2) 508 (20.5) 191.082 1 < 0.001
 Current smoking 2704 (52.8) 374 (15.1) 981.771 1 0.002
 Alcohol drinking 1448 (28.3) 25 (1.0) 792.793 1 < 0.001
Neurological function, median (interquartile range)
 NIHSS 6 (7) 6 (8) 36.511 1 0.001
 mRS 3 (2) 4 (6) 51.413 1 < 0.001
 BI 60 (50) 50 (50) 62.025 1 < 0.001
Laboratory value, mmol/L, means (SE)
 FPG 6.50 (2.67) 6.91 (2.86) 5.376 5733 < 0.001
 TC 4.76 (1.04) 5.233 (1.15) 21.085 7253 < 0.001
 TG 1.58 (1.00) 1.74 (1.27) 5.808 7253 < 0.001
 HDL-C 1.02 (0.27) 1.14 (0.31) 16.734 7210 < 0.001
 LDL-C 2.96 (0.84) 3.27 (0.91) 13.989 7203 < 0.001
Prognosis at 3 months after stroke, n (%)
 Mortality 355 (7.1) 194 (8.0) 2.011 1 ns
 Recurrence 194 (4.2) 89 (4.0) 0.107 1 ns
 Dependency 753 (15.0) 416 (17.2) 5.604 1 0.018