Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Sex differences in clinical features and risk factors among patients with SAO

From: Sex differences in outcomes and associated factors among stroke patients with small artery occlusion in China

Characteristics Men (n = 1696) Women (n = 828) t/χ2 df P
Age, years, means (SD) 61.93 (11.41) 65.62 (10.86) 7.736 2522 < 0.001
Age group, n (%)    34.828 1 < 0.001
 < 75 years 1435 (84.6) 620 (74.9)    
 ≥ 75 years 261 (15.4) 208 (25.1)    
OCSP classification, n (%)
 PACI 642 (37.9) 354 (42.8) 5.592 1 ns
 TAPI 30 (1.8) 13 (1.6) 0.131 1 ns
 LACI 473 (27.9) 220 (26.6) 0.486 1 ns
 POCI 551 (32.5) 241 (29.1) 2.955 1 ns
Stroke severity*, n (%)
 Mild 1427 (84.1) 656 (79.6) 7.930 1 0.005
 Moderate 234 (13.8) 141 (17.1) 4.810 1 ns
 Severe 35 (2.1) 27 (3.3) 3.400 1 ns
Risk factors, n (%)
 Hypertension 1278 (75.4) 638 (77.1) 0.879 1 ns
 Diabetes 514 (30.3) 303 (36.6) 10.048 1 0.002
 Atrial fibrillation 41 (2.4) 18 (2.2) 0.145 1 ns
 Obesity 139 (8.2) 152 (18.4) 56.325 1 < 0.001
 Current smoking 854 (50.4) 99 (12.0) 349.041 1 < 0.001
 Alcohol drinking 459 (27.1) 15 (1.8) 232.599 1 < 0.001
Neurological function
 NIHSS 4 (4) 4 (5) 15.928 1 < 0.001
 mRS 2 (3) 3 (3) 12.908 1 < 0.001
 BI 75 (45) 70 (45) 33.129 1 < 0.001
Laboratory testing, mmol/L, means (SE)
 FPG 6.37 (2.72) 6.58 (2.73) 1.633 1954 ns
 TC 4.74 (0.95) 5.23 (1.04) 11.291 2423 < 0.001
 TG 1.64 (0.99) 1.71 (0.96) 1.153 2423 ns
 HDL-C 1.04 (0.59) 1.15 (0.29) 4.650 2407 < 0.001
 LDL-C 2.92 (0.78) 3.15 (0.83) 6.594 2405 < 0.001
  1. *There were 4 female patients for whom NIHSS scores were not obtained
  2. Data presented as medians with interquartile ranges