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Table 2 Regression analyses for IS and ICH, univariate and multivariate. Coefficients presented for female sex (male as reference) with 95% CI

From: Sex as predictor for achieved health outcomes and received care in ischemic stroke and intracerebral hemorrhage: a register-based study

  Sex as predictor for IS Sex as predictor for ICH
Univariate Multivariate Univariate Multivariate
Coefficient 95% CI Coefficient 95% CI Coefficient 95% CI Coefficient 95% CI
1-year survival (OR) 0.69 (0.66; 0.72)*** 1.17 (1.11; 1.24)*** 0.91 (0.77; 1.07) 1.65 (1.36; 1.99)***
1-year recurrent stroke (OR) 1.01 (0.93; 1.10) 1.02 (0.94; 1.11) 0.91 (0.71; 1.16) 0.86 (0.64; 1.16)
Good 1-year functioning (approximated mRS 0–2) (OR)a 0.55 (0.52; 0.59)*** 0.86 (0.82; 0.89)*** 0.64 (0.45; 0.91)* 1.05 (0.68; 1.61)
Good 1-year general health (OR)a 0.77 (0.69; 0.85)*** 0.93 (0.83; 1.04) 0.78 (0.58; 1.06) 1.03 (0.83; 1.28)
Return to formal full-time work ability (OR) 1.14 (0.92; 1.42) 1.13 (0.91; 1.41) 1.15 (0.90; 1.50) 1.28 (0.93; 1.75)
Initial inpatient stay (LC) 0.03 (0.01; 0.05)** -0.05 (− 0.07; − 0.03)*** − 0.15 (− 0.21; − 0.09)*** − 0.08 (− 0.13; − 0.03)**
Inpatient days first year (LC) 0.02 (− 0.01; 0.05) − 0.05 (− 0.08; − 0.03)*** − 0.09 (− 0.16; − 0.01)* − 0.03 (− 0.11; 0.05)
Outpatient visits first year (LC) − 0.12 (− 0.14; − 0.10)*** 0.00 (− 0.03; 0.02) − 0.15 (− 0.30; − 0.00)* − 0.01 (− 0.17; 0.14)
Net days of sick leave/disability pension (LC) 0.16 (0.11; 0.20)*** 0.17 (0.13; 0.21)*** 0.05 (0.02; 0.09)** 0.05 (− 0.01; 0.10)
Added home help services (hours) 40.8 (20.9; 60.7)** − 1.6 (− 25.7; 22.4) 34.9 (− 36.8; 106.5) − 3.9 (− 88.0; 80.2)
Transfer to special housing (OR) 1.73 (1.63; 1.83)*** 0.97 (0.94; 0.99)* 1.82 (1.54; 2.15)*** 1.16 (0.90; 1.49)
Thrombolysis (OR) 0.76 (0.64; 0.91)*** 1.07 (0.98; 1.16)  
Thrombectomy (OR) 0.62 (0.53; 0.72)*** 0.94 (0.80; 1.10)
High three-month patient satisfaction (OR) 0.91 (0.83; 1.00) 1.06 (0.98; 1.15) 0.86 (0.76; 0.97)* 0.97 (0.85; 1.11)
  1. Multivariate regression analysis adjusted for (in addition to sex) age, education level, living alone, marital status, born in a EU-27 country, living arrangements, ADL dependency, prior stroke according to medical records (last 2 years), consumption of inpatient care the year before stroke (approximating previous and current comorbidity), and level of consciousness at hospital arrival
  2. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.005; ***p < 0.001
  3. aCoverage rate of outcome variable amounted to less than 80% for the IS study population