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Table 1 Descriptive statistics of study population, at baseline. 95% CI

From: Sex as predictor for achieved health outcomes and received care in ischemic stroke and intracerebral hemorrhage: a register-based study

Category Variable Ischemic stroke Intracerebral hemorrhage
All Women Men All Women Men
Sociodemographic profile Number of patients (%) 24,415 12,215 (50.0%) 12,200 (50.0%) 3276 1560 (47.6%) 1716 (52.4%)
Age in years (mean) 76.5 (76.4; 76.7) 79.1 (78.8; 79.3) 74.0 (73.8; 74.2) 73.9 (73.4; 74.3) 76.9 (76.2; 77.5) 71.1 (70.5; 71.8)
Highest level of education (distribution, %)
 Elementary 46.7 51.7 41.7 43.4 48.6 38.8
 High school 36.5 34.2 38.9 36.8 34.4 39.0
 College/university 16.8 14.2 19.4 19.7 17.0 22.2
Marital status (distribution, %)
  Married 42.4 30.1 54.7 43.8 33.6 53.1
  Unmarried 11.1 8.6 13.6 14.4 10.5 17.9
  Divorced 16.7 16.2 17.2 17.5 16.6 18.3
  Widowed 29.8 45.1 14.5 24.4 39.4 10.7
Born outside the EU (%) 4.8 (4.5; 5.1) 4.4 (4.0; 4.7) 5.3 (4.9; 5.7) 6.2 (5.4; 7.0) 5.4 (4.3; 6.6) 6.9 (5.7; 8.1)
Living alone (%) 51.3 (50.7; 51.9) 64.7 (63.9; 65.6) 37.8 (37.0; 38.7) 49.4 (47.7; 51.1) 61.1 (58.6; 63.5) 38.7 (36.4; 41.0)
Living arrangements (distribution, %)
 Living at home, no home help services 71.3 62.9 79.8 71.3 61.8 80.1
 Living at home, with home help services 19.0 24.8 13.2 16.6 23.0 10.7
 Special housing 9.7 12.4 6.9 11.5 14.9 8.3
Medical history ADL dependency (%) 11.4 (11.0; 11.8) 13.8 (13.2; 14.4) 9.0 (8.5; 9.6) 12.1 (10.9; 13.2) 15.9 (14.0; 17.7) 8.7 (7.4; 10.1)
Prior stroke (− 2 years) (%) 6.9 (6.5; 7.2) 6.8 (6.3; 7.2) 6.9 (6.5; 7.4) 6.5 (5.7; 7.3) 7.3 (6.0; 8.6) 5.8 (4.7; 6.9)
Inpatient care year − 1 (mean days) 5.2 (5.0; 5.3) 5.6 (5.4; 5.8) 4.7 (4.5; 5.0) 5.7 (5.2; 6.3) 6.6 (5.8; 7.4) 5.0 (4.3; 5.6)
Atrial fibrillation (%) 31.0 (30.4; 31.6) 34.2 (33.3; 35.0) 27.8 (27.0; 28.6) 21.6 (20.2; 23.0) 20.6 (18.6; 22.6) 22.6 (20.6; 24.5)
Hypertension (%) 64.7 (64.1; 65.3) 67.5 (66.6; 68.3) 62.0 (61.1; 62.8) 59.9 (58.2; 61.6) 62.6 (60.2; 65.0) 57.5 (55.2; 59.9)
Stroke severity Level of consciousness at hospital arrival (distribution, %)
 Conscious 85.9 83.0 88.8 60.3 57.6 62.7
 Indolent 10.9 13.0 8.8 22.1 23.7 20.7
 Unconscious 3.2 4.0 2.4 17.6 18.7 16.7