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Table 2 Subcategories for sex and gender differences

From: Inclusion of sex and gender in biomedical research: survey of clinical research proposed at the University of Pennsylvania

Subcategories  
Sex differences  
 Pathophysiology  
 Risk for the disorder in question (i.e., prevalence in one sex greater than the other)  
 Age at onset  
 Type and severity of symptoms  
 Treatment (efficacy and/or risk for adverse events)  
Gender differences  
 Risk for the disorder in question (i.e., prevalence in one sex greater than the other)  
 Behavioral risk factors associated with the disorder/condition  
 Treatment seeking and utilization of services/procedures for the condition  
  1. “Risk for the disorder in question” was included as a subcategory under sex and gender differences as both sex and gender may contribute to the prevalence of disorder/condition