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Table 1 Summary of the distribution of risk factors among cases and non-cases

From: Pancreatic cancer risk in relation to sex, lifestyle factors, and pre-diagnostic anthropometry in the Malmö Diet and Cancer Study

  Entire cohort (n = 28,094) Men (n = 11,063) Women (n = 17,031)
Characteristics Rest of cohort PC cases Rest of cohort PC cases Rest of cohort PC cases
n (%) 27,931 (99.4) 163 (0.6) 11,002 (99.4) 61 (0.6) 16,929 (99.4) 102 (0.6)
Sex (%)
 Men 11,002 (39.4) 61 (37.4)     
 Women 16,929 (60.6) 102 (62.6)     
Age at baseline (years)
 Mean 58.1 60.0 59.2 59.3 57.4 60.5
 Median 57.8 59.9 59.1 58.6 56.7 61.1
Smoking (%)
 Regularly 6614 (23.7) 60 (36.8) 2602 (23.7) 25 (41.0) 4012 (23.7) 35 (34.3)
 Occasionally 1250 (4.5) 11 (6.7) 529 (4.8) 3 (4.9) 721 (4.3) 8 (7.8)
 Former smoker 9456 (33.9) 49 (30.1) 4758 (43.2) 23 (37.7) 4698 (27.8) 26 (25.5)
 Never smoker 10,599 (37.9) 43 (26.4) 3107 (28.2) 10 (16.4) 7492 (44.3) 33 (32.4)
 Missing 12 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 6 (0.1) 0 (0.0) 6 (0.0) 0 (0.0)
Environmental smoking at work
 Never 12,171 (43.6) 54 (33.1) 3746 (34.0) 14 (23.0) 8425 (49.8) 40 (39.2)
 For <10 years 3277 (11.7) 20 (12.3) 1085 (9.9) 8 (13.1) 2192 (12.9) 12 (11.8)
 For 10–20 years 3351 (12.0) 20 (12.3) 1251 (11.4) 8 (13.1) 2100 (12.4) 12 (11.8)
 For >20 years 6208 (22.2) 51 (31.3) 3720 (33.8) 25 (41.0) 2488 (14.7) 26 (25.5)
 Missing 2924 (10.5) 18 (11.0) 1200 (10.9) 6 (9.8) 1724 (10.2) 12 (11.8)
Environmental smoking at home
 Never 13,899 (49.8) 74 (45.4) 6027 (54.8) 31 (50.8) 7872 (46.5) 43 (42.2)
 For <10 years 2821 (10.1) 11 (6.7) 974 (8.9) 4 (6.6) 1847 (10.9) 7 (6.9)
 For 10–20 years 2973 (10.6) 20 (12.3) 959 (8.7) 9 (14.8) 2014 (11.9) 11 (10.8)
 For >20 years 5242 (18.8) 40 (24.5) 1828 (16.6) 11 (18.0) 3414 (20.2) 29 (28.4)
 Missing 2996 (10.7) 18 (11.0) 1214 (11.0) 6 (9.8) 1782 (10.2) 12 (11.8)
Environmental smoking during childhood
 No 16,375 (58.6) 97 (59.5) 6495 (59.0) 37 (60.7) 9880 (58.4) 60 (58.8)
 Yes 8599 (30.8) 48 (29.4) 3293 (29.9) 18 (29.5) 5306 (31.3) 30 (33.3)
 Missing 2957 (10.6) 18 (11.0) 1214 (11.0) 6 (9.8) 1743 (10.3) 12 (11.8)
Alcohol (g/day)
 Mean 10.7 10.6 15.5 14.7 7.7 8.1
 Median 7.2 6.1 11.4 8.6 5.4 4.9
 Missing 0 0 0 0 0 0
DM >24 months prior ca/end
 Yes 4522 (16.2) 25 (15.3) 2276 (20.7) 14 (23.0) 2246 (13.3) 11 (10.8)
 No 23,409 (83.8) 138 (84.7) 8726 (79.3) 47 (77.0) 14,683 (86.7) 91 (89.2)
DM <24 months prior ca/end
 Yes 657 (2.4) 27 (16.6) 286 (2.6) 13 (21.3) 371 (2.2) 14 (13.7)
 No 27,274 (97.6) 136 (83.4) 10,716 (97.4) 48 (78.7) 16,558 (97.8) 88 (86.3)
Height (cm)
 Mean 168.7 168.3 176.4 177.2 163.6 162.9
 Median 168.0 168.0 176.0 177.0 164.0 163.0
 Missing 41 0 16 0 25 0
Weight (kg)
 Mean 73.4 73.9 81.7 83.2 68.0 68.4
 Median 72.0 72.0 81.0 80.0 66.0 66.0
 Missing 42 0 16 0 26 0
Body fat (%)
 Mean 26.8 27.1 20.8 19.9 30.8 31.5
 Median 27.0 29.0 20.0 19.0 31.0 32.0
 Missing 172 1 77 0 95 1
Hip (cm)
 Mean 98.4 99.3 99.3 99.6 97.9 99.1
 Median 98.0 98.0 99.0 98.0 97.0 97.5
 Missing 59 0 23 0 36 0
Waist (cm)
 Mean 84.1 85.4 93.7 94.7 77.9 79.9
 Median 83.0 84.0 93.0 93.0 76.0 78.5
 Missing 57 0 23 0 34 0
WHR (cm/cm)
 Mean 0.85 0.86 0.94 0.95 0.79 0.80
 Median 0.84 0.84 0.94 0.95 0.79 0.80
 Missing 62 0 24 0 38 0
BMI (kg/m2)
 Mean 25.7 26.0 26.3 26.4 25.4 25.8
 Median 25.3 25.3 26.0 25.7 24.7 25.1
 Missing 42 0 16 0 26 0