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Table 3 Program directors’ responses to survey item, “Does your current residency curriculum include explicit training (didactic and clinical) about gender differences in the presentation and management of the following clinical or disease states?”

From: Training emergency physicians in sex- and gender-based medicine: assessing attitudes of program directors and residency graduates

Disease condition No (n, %) Somewhat (n, %) Yes (n, %)
Endocrine disorders (diabetes mellitus, thyroid disease) 22 44.0 % 14 28.0 % 14 28.0 %
Acute coronary syndrome 3 6.0 % 12 24.0 % 35 70.0 %
Hypertension 30 62.5 % 11 22.9 % 7 14.6 %
Thromboembolic disease (DVT and PE) 21 42.0 % 10 20.0 % 19 38.0 %
Asthma/COPD 35 70.0 % 12 24.0 % 3 6.0 %
Trauma 12 24.0 % 13 26.0 % 25 50.0 %
Partner abuse 3 6.0 % 6 12.0 % 41 82.0 %
Carotid/vertebral artery dissections 38 76.0 % 7 14.0 % 5 10.0 %
Neurologic conditions (multiple sclerosis, myasthenia gravis, CVA, seizures, headache) 15 30.0 % 22 44.0 % 13 26.0 %
GI Disorders (biliary disease, dyspepsia, IBS, abdominal pain, appendicitis) 20 40.0 % 18 36.0 % 12 24.0 %
Substance abuse 29 58.0 % 13 26.0 % 8 16.0 %
Depression/suicide 8 16.0 % 14 28.0 % 28 56.0 %
Urinary tract disorders 3 6.0 % 13 26.0 % 34 68.0 %
Sexually transmitted diseases 5 10.0 % 12 24.0 % 33 66.0 %
HIV/AIDS 26 52.0 % 17 34.0 % 7 14.0 %
Autoimmune disease 17 34.0 % 20 40.0 % 13 26.0 %
Pulmonary disease (sarcoidosis, PPH) 33 66.0 % 11 22.0 % 6 12.0 %
Osteoporosis/fracture management 7 14.0 % 24 48.0 % 19 38.0 %
Pain management 32 64.0 % 10 20.0 % 8 16.0 %
Communication styles 21 42.0 % 14 28.0 % 15 30.0 %
Pharmacokinetics 36 72.0 % 12 24.0 % 2 4.0 %