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Table 3 Select general knowledge questions and responses

From: Evaluation of sex- and gender-based medicine training in post-graduate medical education: a cross-sectional survey study

Questions Male Female  
  % (N) % (N) p value
Myocardial hypertrophy with preserved ejection fraction is more common in…
Women 64.7 (22) 35.3 (12) 0.09
 Men 48.5 (32) 51.5 (32) 0.81
 Same in both women and men 39.1 (9) 60.9 (14) 0.30
 Not sure 33.3 (21) 63.5 (40) 0.01
Chronic pain is more common in…
Women 44.0 (70) 56.0 (40) 0.13
 Men 66.7 (4) 33.3 (2) 0.41
 The same in both women and men 46.7 (7) 46.7 (7) 0.80
 Not sure 57.1 (4) 28.6 (2) 0.71
Idiopathic pulmonary hypertension is more common in…
Women 51.2 (62) 47.9 (58) 0.79
 Men 34.6 (9) 65.4 (17) 0.12
 Both women and men 50.0 (5) 50.0 (5) 1.00
 Not sure 30.0 (9) 66.7 (20) 0.03
Lower esophageal cancer is more common in…
 Women 33.3 (3) 66.7 (6) 0.32
Men 44.7 (63) 54.6 (77) 0.21
 Both women and men 60.0 (3) 40.0 (2) 0.65
 Not sure 50.0 (16) 46.9 (15) 1.00
Women with anginal symptoms often go untreated. Why do you think that is the case?
 Women may present with atypical symptoms such as nausea, dizziness, and fatigue 42.2 (19) 57.8 (26) 0.30
 Cardiovascular disease is not always considered in the differential diagnosis of women 50.0 (3) 50.0 (3) 1.00
 Women’s complaints are attributed to psychological stress 25.0 (1) 75.0 (3) 0.32
All of the above 46.1 (59) 53.1 (68) 0.38
 I’m not sure 66.7 (2) 0.0 (0) 0.56
Daily aspirin is recommended by the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) for different reasons in men and women. In men (aged 45 to 79), it is used to prevent…
Myocardial infarction 41.0 (25) 59.0 (36) 0.16
 Stroke 55.6 (5) 44.4 (4) 0.74
 Both myocardial infarction and stroke 46.9 (38) 51.8 (42) 0.58
 It is not recommended for prevention 47.2 (17) 50.0 (18) 0.74
After an osteoporotic hip fracture…
 Women are twice as likely to die 53.7 (29) 46.3 (25) 0.59
Men are twice as likely to die 42.9 (6) 50 (7) 0.59
 There is no difference 42.5 (17) 57.5 (23) 0.34
 I’m not sure 41.0 (32) 57.7 (45) 0.11
Female smokers…
 Have the same risk for developing COPD and lung cancer as male smokers 42.6 (29) 57.3 (39) 0.23
Have greater risk of developing COPD and lung cancer as male smokers 44.2 (23) 53.8 (28) 0.41
 I’m not sure 48.5 (32) 50.0 (33) 0.81
  1. p value represents the difference between male and female responses for each answer choice. Italicized question choice indicates the correct answer. Bolded answer choice indicates the answer that was chosen most frequently by participants