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Table 4 Levels of inflammatory cytokines measured in synovial fluid

From: Characterization of osteoarthritic human knees indicates potential sex differences

  Mean value (pg/ml) ± SEM   
  Male Female p value  
HGF 1075.00 ± 254.20 514.30 ± 46.10 0.0352 Males > females
IFN-α2 279.30 ± 50.09 159.80 ± 12.10 0.0207
IL1α 389.00 ± 23.91 337.40 ± 9.80 0.0367
MMP-1 2219.00 ± 539.60 1270.00 ± 84.74 0.049
MMP-2 1981.00 ± 50.44 1811.00 ± 42.84 0.0248
MMP-7 1189.00 ± 15.21 1147.00 ± 7.63 0.0173
MMP-9 1565.00 ± 473.20 585.60 ± 135.50 0.0328
MMP-12 39.20 ± 0.87 36.90 ± 0.46 0.0227
MMP-13 441.90 ± 18.22 396.00 ± 7.241 0.0187
SCF 478.00 ± 116.2 239.80 ± 21.45 0.0487
SCGF-β 5503.00 ± 1713.20 1928.00 ± 433.60 0.0487
TGFβ1 1723.00 ± 282.00 1070.00 ± 109.00 0.0464
TGFβ2 35.79 ± 4.72 23.69 ± 2.74 0.0415
sGAG 14.04 ± 2.02 6.25 ± 0.57 0.004
GRO-α 459.40 ± 95.18 739.80 ± 61.36 0.0217 Females > males
IL2α 843.90 ± 166.50 1321.00 ± 120.20 0.0306
IL3 806.90 ± 204.80 1289.00 ± 55.29 0.0395
IL12p40 380.60 ± 81.14 578.20 ± 26.41 0.0342
IL16 708.10 ± 148.50 1353.00 ± 247.00 0.0449
LIF 309.60 ± 60.31 480.80 ± 41.60 0.0294
MCP-3 147.70 ± 29.88 220.10 ± 17.42 0.0466
M-CSF 748.80 ± 161.60 1156.00 ± 107.00 0.0468
MIF 752.60 ± 172.70 1665.00 ± 357.50 0.0323
MIG 1793.00 ± 321.80 4252.00 ± 1018.00 0.0371
TNF-β 148.00 ± 42.95 252.20 ± 8.99 0.0304
TRAIL 714.90 ± 156.20 1100.00 ± 79.97 0.0332
β-NGF 5.67 ± 2.76 3.42 ± 0.83 0.4791 Not significant
CTACK 613.00 ± 112.90 925.30 ± 172.90 0.1621
IL18 156.80 ± 8.56 160.90 ± 7.90 0.727
IL1β 214.70 ± 99.25 128.80 ± 13.42 0.4113
MMP-3 2898.00 ± 81.25 2961.00 ± 100.4 0.6544
MMP-8 1183.00 ± 310.20 985.50 ± 103.40 0.4934
SDF-1α 506.50 ± 79.08 461.70 ± 51.30 0.6259