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Fig. 1 | Biology of Sex Differences

Fig. 1

From: Sex and estrogens alter the action of glucagon-like peptide-1 on reward

Fig. 1

In non-deprived animals, central GLP-1R stimulation specifically decreases food-motivated behavior in females but not males. Ex4 injection into the LV significantly reduced sucrose rewards earned (a), and active lever presses for reward (c) in female but not male subjects. Sucrose rewards (b) and active lever presses (d) were also significantly lower in females compared to males after Ex4 treatment, at both doses, analyzed as percent relative to vehicle value. Central GLP-1R agonist treatment significantly reduced peanut butter consumption in both males and females (e), with no significant differences between the two sexes (f). Chow consumption was reduced in males and females after Ex4 treatment (g); no significant differences were present between sexes at either dose of the agonist (h). Chow and peanut butter consumption are displayed in grams. Data are expressed as mean ± SEM. n = 20 (females) and 18 (males) per treatment group. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001, ****p < 0.0001

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