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Fig. 1 | Biology of Sex Differences

Fig. 1

From: Sex differences in porcine left ventricular myocardial remodeling due to right ventricular pacing

Fig. 1

Indices of LV function at different time points for sham-operated pigs and RV-paced pigs. a and b show changes over time in left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF, %); c and d show left ventricular end diastolic volume (LVEDV, ml); e and f show end diastolic relative wall thickness (RWTd, RWTd = 2 × LVPWd/LVIDd, LVIDd left ventrical internal dimension in diastole) in right ventricular (RV) paced and sham-operated pigs; g and h show the ratio of an early and late diastolic velocity (Em/Am) separately in male and female animals (black squares—RV paced female pigs, black circles—RV paced male pigs, gray squares—female controls, gray circles—male controls). Values are presented as means ± SEM. Data (separately for control and TIC animals) were tested using one-way ANOVA

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