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Table 1 Demographic and clinical summaries by sex

From: Sex differences in psychophysical and neurophysiological responses to pain in older adults: a cross-sectional study

  Total (N = 24) Female (N = 12) Male (N = 12) p value
  Median (IQR) Median (IQR) Median (IQR)  
Age 66.5 (65,69) 67.0 (65,70) 66.5 (66,69) 0.724
Race N (%) N (%) N (%) 0.218
 Caucasian 21 (87.5) 10 (83.3) 11 (91.7)  
 African-American 2 (8.3) 2 (16.7) 0 (0.0)  
 Asian 1 (4.2) 0 (0.0) 1 (8.3)  
Marital status     0.206
 Married 15 (62.5) 6 (50.0) 9 (75.0)  
 Not married 9 (37.5) 6 (50.0) 3 (25.0)  
Marital occupational status     0.102
 One spouse gainfully employed 12 (50.0) 8 (66.7) 4 (33.3)  
 Both spouses gainfully employed 12 (50.0) 4 (33.3) 8 (66.7)  
Level of school completed     0.241
 High school 3 (12.5) 3 (25.0) 0 (0.0)  
 Technical/some college 8 (33.3) 3 (25.0) 5 (41.7)  
 College graduate 5 (20.8) 3 (25.0) 2 (16.7)  
 Advanced degree 8 (33.3) 3 (25.0) 5 (41.7)  
Standardized measures     
 BMIa 27.4 (23,30) 25.1 (23,29) 28.1 (25,30) 0.133
 Total SES scoreb 56.3 (45,66) 57.5 (35,64) 55.5 (45,66) 0.560
 MMSE scorec 30.0 (29,30) 30.0 (28,30) 30.0 (29,30) 0.641
 BPI-SF average paind 1.0 (0,2) 2.0 (0,3) 1.0 (0,2) 0.512
 BPI-SF pain right nowd 0.0 (0,1) 0.0 (0,0) 0.0 (0,1) 0.403
 GDS-SF scoree 0.0 (0,2) 0.0 (0,2) 0.5 (0,2) 0.425
 STAI state scoref 48.5 (45,51) 50.0 (45,53) 47.0 (44,50) 0.117
 STAI trait scoref 47.5 (45,51) 49.5 (46,53] 46.5 (43,49] 0.068
  1. aBMI = body mass index
  2. bHollingshead Four-Factor Measure of Socioeconomic Status (range = 8–66; 8 = lowest SES, 66 = highest SES)
  3. cMMSE-Folstein Mini-Mental State Examination (range = 0–30; 0 = completely cognitively impaired, 30 = completely cognitively intact)
  4. dBPI-SF-Brief Pain Inventory Short Form (range = 0–10; 0 = no pain, 10 = most pain)
  5. eGDS-SF-Geriatric Depression Scale Short Form (range; 0 = no indication of depression, 15 = high possibility of depression)
  6. fSTAI-Spielberger State or Trait Anxiety Inventory (range; 20 = indicates increased anxiety, 80 = indicates least amount of anxiety)