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Table 2 Biological and clinical features associated to sexual dimorphism in inflammation

From: Sex and inflammation in respiratory diseases: a clinical viewpoint

  Inflammatory mediators Female Male
Biological markers CRP
ESR
IL-8
IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α
CD99
Hematological markers Neutrophil count
Monocyte count
Clinical features Outcome in acute inflammatory processes (septic shock, burns, trauma) Better prognosis Worse prognosis
  Outcome in chronic inflammatory processes (severe asthma, cystic fibrosis, BPCO) Worse prognosis Better prognosis
  1. The table summarizes the main trends observe in the literature. Up arrow denotes increase; down arrow, decrease.